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Are Neuroscientists Able to Explain Human Consciousness Essay Example

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Are Neuroscientists Able to Explain Human Consciousness

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Are Neuroscientists Able to Explain Human Consciousness. Such a position does not go far enough, however. Any attempt to account for higher brain functions in terms of the physical organization of the brain itself and of its constituent neurons is confronted sooner or later with the need for a detailed analysis of consciousness based on brain structure.Neurobiologists begin to define ‘Consciousness’ ostensively by contrasting situations where it is present and absent—for example, situations where one is conscious of something as opposed to not being conscious of that thing. That is, consciousness can partly be defined in terms of the presence or absence of phenomenal content. ‘Mind’, by contrast, refers to psychological processes that may or may not have associated conscious contents.

There is considerable evidence, for example, for a ‘cognitive unconscious’. And ‘soul’ traditionally refers to some essential aspect of human identity that survives bodily death.Another relatively safe bet is the claim that the way in which the world is modeled by an organism in its conscious experience has been biologically useful for the creature in its evolutionary history. This phenomenological model of the world has improved the likelihood of the organisms survival and the production of offspring more than other kinds of phenomenological organization have done or the absence of conscious experience could have done. Although it is difficult to trace the evolution of consciousness as long as we do not know the neurobiology on which it is based, it is encouraging that even ethologists have started to take the animals point of view and talk about their mental states and consciousness (Cheney & Seyfarth, 1990).Although philosophers never abandoned talk about consciousness quite as completely as did neuroscientists, consciousness was rarely treated explicitly as the main topic during the murky days of behaviorism. Identity theorists, by contrast, unashamedly asked the question, "Is Consciousness a Brain Process?" (Place, 1956). The three most prominent manifestations of the problem were the recurrent discussions and arguments about subjectivity, qualia, and intentionality.Perhaps the most remarkable landmark of the consciousness and subjectivity as the main focus of the philosophy of mind was the publication of Thomas Nagel classic article, "What Is It Like to Be a Bat?" in 1974. In this article, Nagel analyzed what it means for an. Are Neuroscientists Able to Explain Human Consciousness.

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preview essay on Are Neuroscientists Able to Explain Human Consciousness
  • Pages: 7 (1750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Science
  • Level: Undergraduate
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