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Motivation and Managing Diversity in Todays Era Essay Example

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Motivation and Managing Diversity in Todays Era

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Motivation and Managing Diversity in Todays Era. Managing workforce diversity is a very vital issue these days, not only managing them is important but maintaining the motivation level to such an extent that they work hard and devotedly towards achieving their goal, is also mandatory. So, this takes us towards two important points i. managing the diverse workforce and maintaining the enthusiasm level of the staff to make them work effectively at a work place.Managing the diverse workforce is on the head of the human resource department and the respective supervisors of the teams. They both need to design such strategies which not only are consistent with the demands of the employees, but also ensure increased motivation level in them. There are several motivational theories that are proposed by different scholars in different times.

Motivation refers to the processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction and persistence of effort towards attaining a goal (Robbins and Judge, 2003). So, three key elements are intensity, direction and persistence. Intensity basically refers to how hard a person tries to achieve his goal. High intensity is no more beneficial if it is not in the direction that benefits the organization. Effort, that is directed towards and consistent with the organizational goals, is the kind of attempt that the individuals constituting a workforce should be seeking for.Coming to the motivation theories the most basic theory which was proposed by Abraham Maslow is the hierarchy of needs (Simons et al. In addition to this theory, X and Y and Two Factor Theory are also worth mentioning. These were the old theories of motivation. Some contemporary theories of motivation that have organizational implications include McClelland’s theory of need, Cognitive Evaluation Theory and Goal Setting Theory. McClelland theory of need focuses on three types of needs; need for achievement that refers to the will and drive in an individual to excel and to succeed. Then is the need for power, that is to make the team members constituting the diverse workforce to behave in a way they have never behaved otherwise, and then comes the need for affiliation that refers towards developing close and interpersonal relationships. This takes us to the fact that the individuals in the organizations working either in the form of teams or individually have different types of needs and they vary from individual to individual (Stahl &. Motivation and Managing Diversity in Todays Era.

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References

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Brodie.D., 2007. Six key benefits of team work. [online] Available at: < http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Duncan_Brodie> [Accessed 10 November, 2010].

Deci, E.L. & Ryan, R.M., 1991, Motivation and Work Behavior. 5th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.

Ehow.com, 2003. How to Motivate Employees. [online] Available at: <www.ehow.com ...  Managing Employees> [Accessed 10 November, 2010]

Ghebre, V., 2009. Five Basics of the Goal Setting Theory. [online] Available at: <http://ezinearticles.com/?Five- Basics- of- the- Goal- Setting-­Theory&id=2469149> [accessed 10 November, 2010].

Harrell, A.M. & Stahl, M.J., 1981. A behavioral decision theory approach for measuring McClellands trichotomy of needs, Journal of Applied Psychology, 66(2) pp. 242-247

Haworth, M., 2003. Motivating Employees: Ten ways to start you off [Online] Available at: < http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Martin_Haworth> [accessed 10 November, 2010]

Mork, R., 1999. Seven key benefits of team work. [Online] Available at: <http://www.life123.com/career-money/career-development/team-player/benefits-of-teamwork.shtml> [accessed 10 November, 2010]

Simons, J.A., Irwin, D.B. & Drinnien, B.A., 1987, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, Psychology - The Search for Understanding, West Publishing Company, New York

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