Moliere occupies a position of great significance in France, not only for its theatre but also for French culture in general and notions of national identity. Moliere is appreciated by theatre artist and audiences around the world, but for French people, it is not an exaggeration to say that he is part of their national soul. Traditionally regarded as the father of French comedy, he is the author of the nation’ s most treasured dramatic literature and a proud cultural export. Moliere’ s significance as a national figure was created over among changing audiences, through the efforts of different political, social and cultural agencies.
As per (Matthews 1) “ Moliere is the great master of comedy in its finest not than in its broader aspects” . Moliere is one of the handfuls of French authors well – known enough to be able to sell their manuscripts to acquire a marketable reputation. Moliere was the first French author to have benefited fully from the new design to assign to the best-known authors a visual image by which they could be recognized. Numerous painted preserved a record of Moliere’ s face during the last decade of his life.
Moliere’ s characters announce that he does not care what other playwrights think of it. To limit Moliere’ s comic vision to matters of theatrical - or even theatrical and literary – technique would be to be content with externals; it is the unique combination of craftsmanship and ‘ philosophy’ that defines his genius. According to (Fletcher)” The life of Moliere is a story of struggle, hard work, domestic unhappiness, death and burial in obscurity and almost in shame” . The Moliere was, above all, a chronicler of obsessions, although he never wrote about his own principle obsession which was work.
Actor, playwright, director, manager, orator, officer, courtier, his life was unimaginably busy. French comedy was sterile in the beginning and Moliere gave it a life and a spirit of its own. Moliere’ s stature as one of the world’ s great masters of the dramatic form is based on his ability to create a wide range of remarkable theatrical characters.
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