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Military Suicide Essay Example

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Military Suicide

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Military Suicide. The suicide rate among older veterans decreased slightly while that of male veterans less than 30 years of age increased by nearly 44% and this has been attributed to the pressures of transiting from military service to ordinary civilian life, as well as the accompanying post-traumatic stress disorders.In the same 3-year period of 2009-2011, suicide levels among the young female veterans saw an 11% increase; an overall examination of the data reveals that suicide rates among veterans remain significantly higher than that of civilians in the general populations. In the year 2012 alone, the number of military suicides reported in the US military rose to a shocking 349, a figure that is actually higher than the 295 Americans who lost their lives in the Afghanistan combat in the same year (Mastroianni & Scott 2011).

Back in the year 2011, when the numbers of military suicides gradually started rising, 301 suicide cases were recorded; most of the suicide cases, about 182 in 2012, represents soldiers who were on active duty. The issue of military suicide has been conceptualized as a complex one and the young veterans, mostly between 18-24 years of age, have been found to be highly susceptible to suicide particularly because they fear asking for help thinking it might undermine their careers. Some of the crucial risk factors that have been associated with the increased incidences of military suicide especially among the soldiers in active service are the pressures of deployment in war tone zones.On the other hand, the fact that the nearly three quarters of veterans committing suicide in military reserves have never been deployed has convinced officials that the military suicide tendencies are related to financial as well as personal problems. Generally, insofar as treatment solutions are concerned, they have proven to be highly effective in helping to reduce veteran suicides, but still, stigma associated with those seeking help remains a major constrain to the issue. Given its grave social implications, the issue of military suicide has been described as a crucial national health challenge and not just a military or veterans issue alone; after a lot of awareness campaigns and networking to address the issue, the efforts have shown fruits with the military suicide rates dropping significantly by about 22% in the year 2013. Affirmative actions from the Obama administration such as the directive to expand suicide prevention. Military Suicide.

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References

Bagley, S.C., Munjas, B., & Shekelle, P. (2010). A systematic review of suicide prevention programs for military or veterans. Suicide & Life - Threatening Behavior, 40(3), 257-65.

Belik S.L., Stein M.B., Asmundson G.J., Sareen J. (2009). Relation between traumatic events and suicide attempts in canadian military personnel. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry,54(2), 93-104.

Knox, K.L., Litts D.A., Talcott, G.W., Feig, J.C., and Caine, E.D. (2003). Risk of suicide and related adverse outcomes after exposure to a suicide prevention programme in the US air force: Cohort study. British Medical Journal, 327(7428), 1376. 

Mahon M.J., Tobin J.P., Cusack D.A., Kelleher C., Malone K.M. (2005). Suicide among regular-duty military personnel: A retrospective case-control study of occupation-specific risk factors for workplace suicide. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 162(9), 1688-96.

Mastroianni, G.R., & Scott, W.J. (2011). Reframing suicide in the military. Parameters, 41(2), 6-21. 

Ratnarajah, D. & Schofield, M.J. (2008). Survivors' narratives of the impact of parental suicide. Suicide & Life - Threatening Behavior, 38(5), 618-30. 

Zhang, J., & Zhou, L. (2011). Suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts among rural young chinese: The effect of suicide death by a family member or friend. Community Mental Health Journal, 47(5), 506-12.

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preview essay on Military Suicide
  • Pages: 11 (2750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Sociology
  • Level: Ph.D.
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