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Mexican Politics Essay Example

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Mexican Politics

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It has over 32 states with an estimated 112 million people and has a metropolitan area that hosts over 21 million inhabitants (Merrill & Miró, 1996). This country has over 62 indigenous languages, although Spanish is the most dominant of them all. 60% of Mexicans are Mestizos, 30 % are Amerindians, while 10% are groups of European, Asian, and others. It has a federal form of government, a system that makes it possible for it to accommodate this demographic diversity and size. Mexican politics is quite an interesting field of study (Hal, 2010). This paper takes a look at the politics of Mexico and tries to analyse the political situation as it is. It puts into consideration the historical trends as well as current and future political issues.Mexico is a country that has very sharp definitions of regionalism and these regional variations have had a serious impact on the political landscape of this country. Many observers argue that this regionalism is to blame for the civil conflicts witnessed in the past and currently being seen, and also gives this as the best explanation for Mexico fitting well in the states where assertion of authority by the central government is necessary. This was most evident during the Zapatista uprising in Chiapas in 1990. There was also the need to suppress Yucatan during the Caste war of the 19th century. As is the case with many federal governments, Mexican states that are away from the capital city have expressed issues with the service given by the federal government and feel they have not been well served. This has led to the central government’s ineffectiveness to administer these marginalized states and some basic facilities such as schools have failed, leading to high levels of discontent (Harvey, 1994).An interesting twist to the politics of Mexico is the claim of democratic governance since independence. Democracy in Mexico has been a mirage until the presidential elections of the year 2000 when Vicente Fox took over power with his National Action Party (PAN), breaking a long history of one party state. Mexico has been interwoven with caudillos. Looking at the Mexican political landscape, one would not fail to notice the domination exhibited by entrenched strongmen (Carruthers, 1996). These strongmen are the political bigwigs that represent families that have grown very powerful from the times of colonial government. In this Mexican

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