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Mesopotamia Essay Example

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Mesopotamia. Chariots are examples of carriages that use animals for movement. The first use of chariots was for carrying soldiers and weapons to battlefields and as platforms for mobile archery. These chariots were also used for hunting purposes and as a mode of transportation for many people. The first chariot was a two-wheeled conveyance that was powered by two or more horses. The invention of the spoked wheel made it possible to construct a light horse-drawn chariot (Muntone, 2012). This was for purposes of being used in battle. The earliest chariots were developed in the ca 3000BC. They had military significance, and in the 1st century AD, these chariots were no longer used in battle.It is believed that Chariots first emerged from Mesopotamia in about 3000 BC.

These chariots were called carts or wagons, and they were double axled and pulled by an oxen/ asses. This is before the introduction of horses in around ca 2000. Sumerians used these chariots for funeral processions or festivals and were not meant for battlefields. This is until the periods of mid 2000 when the spoked wheel appeared in Mesopotamia. This made it possible for chariots to be driven by horses, and be used for battlefields. In around 2000 BC, the people of Eurasia managed to fully develop a battlefield chariot (Muntone, 2012). These people were found in the present day Russia and Kazakhstan.The Eurasian culture came from the Yamna culture and was characterized by the building of fortified settlements, engaging in bronze metallurgy and practicing of complex burial rituals. In the 1200BC, the Hittites improved on the chariot designs of the people of the Eurasian culture by building chariots made of lighter wheels with four spokes. This was as opposed to the present designs of chariots that had heavy wheels with eight spokes. These chariots had the capability of holding three people, as opposed to the earlier designs that had the capability of holding only two warriors.In the 16th century, chariots were introduced in Egypt. . Mesopotamia.

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