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Medical anthropology Essay Example

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Medical anthropology

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The disease of commonly transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse and blood transfusions. Prevention of the disease occurs through safe sex and needle exchange programmes4. There is yet no vaccine or treatment for the condition but there are antiretroviral treatments which can enable an individual return to normal life. Despite the medication having side effect, it remains the only available life lengthening remedy for the condition.The condition presents various effects within the society including social and health effects upon the infected individuals. Other than these effects the condition also affects the economic well-being of the infected individuals within the society, through the increased costs of purchasing the medication and sustaining livelihood once infected with the condition. The increased rate of infections with the disease around the globe has resulted in the condition being a national pandemic within many countries around the world. The global concerns surrounding the condition range from health issues, economic and even religious concerns. Many religious controversies surrounding the disease have resulted for the perceptions and misguided beliefs regarding the transmission of the disease through non-sexual contact. The economic impact of the condition has continuously resulted in increased political attention, which has resulted large-scale funding for the disease.Anthropological examination of the conditions presents essential insights which could be beneficial in understanding the management of the condition. The aspect of management of the condition involve mitigation of the spread through limiting transmission and spread of the condition. The spread of the disease commonly follows the social fault lines of economic, political and cultural effects upon the society. These social fault lines commonly influence and determine the individuals who are at risk of contracting the disease. The social consequences resulting from these aspects necessitate the analysis of the impact of the condition in terms of gender, class and economic orders, which are significant determinants of social well-being.The condition remains a relatively new condition which has been described within different aspects of the human health. Though the condition has been scientifically described as HIV/AIDS

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References

Kirmayer, L. J., & Sartorius, N. (2007). Cultural models and somatic syndromes. Psychosomatic Medicine, 69(9), 832–840.

Singer, M., & Baer, H. (2011). Introducing medical anthropology: a discipline in action. New York: Rowman Altamira.

Tseng, W.-S. (2006). From peculiar psychiatric disorders through culture-bound syndromes to culture-related specific syndromes. Transcultural Psychiatry, 43(4), 554–576.

Watkins-Hayes, C., Patterson, C. J., & Armour, A. R. (2011). Black Women, Neighborhood HIV/AIDS Risk, and Institutional Buffers. Du Bois Review, 8(1), 229–240.

Winkelman, M. (2008). Culture and health: applying medical anthropology. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Yamada, S. (1999). An Anthropological Examination of the HIV /Aids Epidemic. Pacific Health Dialogue, 6(2), 310–316.



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