Up 133, 000 for perceived violation of laws. Te amendments also barred the media from publishing issues that harm, ad coverage of trials without the permission of judicial authorities. Abill on anti-terrorism which was proposed in the year 2011 imposes a sentence of 10 years just the questioning the king’s or Crown’s integrity. Sch laws are repressive, cunterproductive and make the work of journalists extremely difficult (Duffy, 2014). I Saudi Arabia, dfamation is classified as a criminal offense and any form of expression considered offensive or blasphemous to death penalty just like apostasy.
A 23 year old blogger and journalist (Hamza Kashgari) was deported back home in Saudi from Malaysia to be tried for insulting Prophet Muhammad in his posts. Te country’s policy on media recognises media’s roles as educating masses, popagating government ideas and promoting national unity. A such the state is known for directly censoring media. Tis has forced journalists to routinely exercise self censorship, ad avert legal consequences of criticising Islam, rligious leaders and the royal family. Wth such censorship from the state, mdia significantly compromised and the information that gets through to the public is largely favourable to authorities.
Een in the face the immense censorship, jurnalists are increasingly testing the boundaries of what is permissible reporting. Saudi citizens have resorted to online platforms such social media to voice their opinion and condemn corruption in government. Bt the state is capable to monitoring and blocking websites very easily. Athorities therefore proactively ban websites considered immoral such pornographic sites, tose found to be critical of the Saudi government and those that are sensitive.
state blocked a number of websites in 2012 for being sympathetic to Shiite Muslim which is a disadvantaged minority. Idividuals were also arrested and held without any trial for managing new sites like the Al-Fajir Network which covered the protests by people calling for reforms. Te Saudi government therefore regularly monitors and censors online expressions for blaspheming Islam and threatening national security (Green and Karolides, 2009). Wereas media freedom in the country is slowly growing, jurnalists have to. ..
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