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The meaning of a sentence is determined by the meanings of the words it contains and the order in which these words occur Discuss the adequacy of this statement paying particular attention to other factors which may affect meaning Essay Example

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The meaning of a sentence is determined by the meanings of the words it contains and the order in which these words occur Discuss the adequacy of this statement paying particular attention to other factors which may affect meaning

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Morphemes determine words and words are the backbone of any sentence. Morphology in the English language influences the meaning of words according to how they are expressed. There are two types of morphemes, free and bound. Free morphemes can occur alone, such as, the word bad, however bound occur together, such as, ‘ly’. The bound morphemes are sometimes called affixes. They are bound because their meaning will only be understood if it does not stand alone, for example, badly. These include prefixes, suffixes, infixes and circumfixes. A prefix is added to the beginning of a word, a suffix at the end, an infix is inserted into other morphemes and circumfix are attached to another morpheme. The use of a prefix or a suffix is part of the word morphology. For instance, the use of the prefixes un- indicates negativity. Such as in the word unavoidable, the recipient will already process the speaker means not avoidable. Also, the use of -ify in a word like iconify illustrates to make something into. This may influence the meaning of a sentence2.Certain morphemes indicate singularity, plurality and meaning. The word cats’ implies that the speaker means more than one cat. This indicates plurality and the recipient already infers the speaker means more than one cat.Lexicon is certain words or specific phrases that are present in the mind of the speaker. These include phrases such as idioms. The use of lexicon allows was a speaker to construct and convey a sentence with its appropriate meaning. Lexical words are new words, such as, nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs that illustrate content. Another type of word is functional or grammatical words that are closed meaning the speaker cannot add onto them like vocabulary. These words include conjunctions, prepositions, articles and pronouns. They are words that are necessary to understanding the meaning of a sentence.Syntax is the way in which words are combined into sentences and the grammatical rules used. The different combination of words may have different meanings. This introduces the concept of ambiguity. Sentence construction has a direct influence on sentence meaning and is elaborated under semantics.Phonology is the study of phonemes. The way, in which sentences have their meaning conveyed partly in how they are spoken, this is the phonetics. The tone may be used by the recipient to distinguish between a declarative sentence, a question, a threat

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preview essay on The meaning of a sentence is determined by the meanings of the words it contains and the order in which these words occur Discuss the adequacy of this statement paying particular attention to other factors which may affect meaning
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