The constructivism theory encourages dialog in learning between students and teachers. Hw individuals acquire knowledge becomes the focus in this theory. I purports that challenges and questions lead to acquiring knowledge in learning mathematics through engagement in problem solving and the environment. Te aim of this theory is to improve teaching and learning in classes through engagement of both students and teachers. Tis theory model faces challenge in creating situations that support students’ explanation while at the same time engaging them. I is the most current form of in mathematics classrooms.
Jan psychological studies started with focusing why children gave wrong answers that were different from adults. Hs work mainly evolved around the conscious development of children rather than all learners (Brown & Desforges, 2013). I teaching mathematics, i is useful in developing curriculum for different levels depending on the understanding of the children. He was the foremost individual to illustrate the cognitive theory of the development in 1936. I his work, h discovered that children are born with fundamental structures on which learning and knowledge to on.
Te purpose of his theory was to expound on processes and mechanisms by which human beings develop to use hypotheses in reasoning and thinking. Te reasoning applies in solving mathematical problems that student face. Frthermore, h explains that learning process require active students who do mathematical practices with orientation to solve the problems. Buner acknowledged the ability to develop thinking from cognitive development. I his studies, h described categories, cncepts and more importantly the ability to invent things by students (Lefrançois, 2012). Te theory is vital in invention students, wich is applicable to mathematical learning by encouraging students to develop their knowledge.
Te cognitive development involves interacting with other human beings culturally that affects individual’s capabilities. Sudents should find solutions to mathematics problems by interacting with one another and the teachers. I his work, Buner argues that language is vital in deal with concepts. I can act as stimuli to motivate an individual by helping in developing concepts in an easy way to understand in developing individuals. H also suggests that learning does not involve transfer of but. ..
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