Of late it has been realized that just orientation of the employee in their jobs ror environment is not enough and some training both at the intial stage as well as later for upgrading is equally important for the organization.Organizations keep evolving. In order to survive the continuous onslaught of competition and innovations, a company has to keep changing its strategies to for keeping itself on track in working towards its objectives. It may appear as a contradiction but change is the constant factor that keeps an organization vibrant and alive to changing circumstances. With any and every change there is an effect on the employees. The change may be small requiring adjustments or it may be big requiring change management solutions. In all cases the HRD has to keep itself ready to move with time and arrange training or retraining of employees in tune with requirements.It has also been understood that employees need motivation to perform their tasks. Earlier the compensation was considered to be the sole motive and the pay packet was the barometr of success and status. But now the environment, the ambience and result oriented rewards have become important attributes to hold back the employees. Attrition rates, especially in service oriented companies, are alarmingly high. To stem this flow employees have to be offered surety as well as satisfaction. These are the new requirements of the day.The primary image of an organization is akin to family, clan or tribe where relationships, needs, feelings and skills are the characteristics of its members. The objectives are empowerment, liberation, fulfilment and self actualization of both the individual and the group and the challenge is how to develop attitude to achieve this goal.There are three assumptions to all HR theories. Organizations serve human needs. People and organization need each other for this service. It is critical that people and the organization are in complete harmony to fulfil this purpose. Organizations serve human needs as they provide rewards for work and there is an intrinsic satisfaction of being useful. In turn the Organizations need people as they provide them with the human capital required for getting the work done. Besides the skill the workers bring along add on value to the other capital employed by the organizations for producing
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McGregor, D. (1960). The human side of organization. New York: McGraw Hill
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