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Making native spaces: colonial geographies inscribed Essay Example

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Making native spaces: colonial geographies inscribed

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Previously, these regions were claimed by the United States as the Oregon County, but with the passage of the 49th parallel, these regions fell under Canada under the general name Crown Colony of British Columbia.All colonial adventures had the issue of land as the main conflicting factor. The Royal Degree of 1763 thus stated that any land that had not been acquired by the colonial government through buying or cessation would be reserved for Indian settlement. After the establishment of the European and American settlements, the relationship between these two groups shifted tremendously.The reality of reserves in British Colombia was non-existent until the region was formally declared a British colony. The First Nations enjoyed free movement and unlimited utilization of resources that the land had to offer, but with the establishment of the reserves, this was set to end after the acquisition of the land by the colonialists, and the aboriginal title and rights became a burning issue. The pioneering reserves came into existence in the 1850’s and 1860’s when the colony of the Vancouver Island was founded in the year 1849 and that of British Columbia in 1858. Within this span, the Hudson Bay Company had total control of the land in the two colonies as was approved by the colonial office.For the purpose of furthering settlement, Sir James Douglas, who was the governor of the colonies, envisioned the necessity of getting rid of the Aboriginal title and stabilizing the association between the settlers and the First Nations. He facilitated talks that culminated into fourteen treaties that led to the loss of the title on the island of Vancouver. The colonial office in Ottawa ceased to fund any effort at cessation of the Aboriginal title, but still wanted Douglas to proceed with efforts of extinguishing the title at the expense of the colony itself. The Royal Proclamation of 1763 required that for the cessation of the title and laying claim on native land for settlement, treaties must be agreed upon by both parties. Douglas ignored these provisions and went on to create reserves all over the colony.The reserves were further reduced and efforts to create new or expand existing reserves thwarted when Joseph Trutch assumed office as Governor in 1864. He further declined to identify the aboriginal title and acted arbitrarily. His cutback on Indian reserves signaled the start of other alterations that have been done on

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