Previously, tese regions were claimed by the United States as the Oregon County, bt with the passage of the 49th parallel, tese regions fell under Canada under the general name Crown Colony of British Columbia. Al colonial adventures had the issue of land as the main conflicting factor. Te Royal Degree of 1763 thus stated that any land that had not been acquired by the colonial government through buying or cessation would be reserved for Indian settlement. Ater the establishment of the European and American settlements, te relationship two groups shifted tremendously.
Te reality of reserves in British Colombia was non-existent until the region was formally declared a British colony. Te First Nations enjoyed free movement and unlimited utilization of resources that the land had to offer, bt with the establishment of the reserves, tis was set to end after the acquisition of the land by the colonialists, ad the aboriginal title and rights became a burning issue. Te pioneering reserves came into existence in the 1850’s and 1860’s when the colony of the Vancouver Island was the year 1849 and that of British Columbia in 1858.
Wthin this span, te Hudson Bay Company had total control of the land in the two colonies as was approved by the colonial office. Fr the purpose of furthering settlement, Sr James Douglas, wo was the governor of the colonies, evisioned the necessity of getting rid of the Aboriginal title and stabilizing the association between the settlers and the First Nations. H facilitated talks that culminated into fourteen treaties that led to the loss of the title on island Vancouver.
Te colonial office in Ottawa ceased to fund any effort at cessation of the Aboriginal title, bt still wanted Douglas to proceed with efforts of extinguishing the title at the expense of the colony itself. Te Royal Proclamation of 1763 required that for the cessation of the title and laying claim on native land for settlement, teaties must be agreed upon by both parties. Duglas ignored these provisions and went on to create reserves all over the colony. Te reserves were further reduced and efforts to new or existing reserves thwarted when Joseph Trutch assumed office as Governor in 1864.
H further declined to identify the aboriginal title and acted arbitrarily. Hs cutback on Indian reserves signaled the start of other alterations that have been done on. ..
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