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Macro & Microeconomics Essay

Banking and Finance
671-673) and Fabozzi (2008, p.Fabozzi (2008, p. 214) confirmed that yield to maturity “is the interest rate that will make the present value of the cash flow from a bond equal to its market price plus accrued interest.” Fabozzi (2008, p. 214) pointed out that “an iterative procedure is used to find the interest rate that will make the present value of the cash flows equal to the market price plus accrued interest.Following the Fabozzi (2008, p. 214) example, suppose a bond with a face
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Anything having to do with economics
United States, however, is a good example of free market system where government intervention is minimal and mostly prices are determined through market forces of demand and supply.“an economy where supply and price are regulated by the government rather than market forces. Government planners decide which goods and services are produced and how they are distributed. The former Soviet Union was an example of a command economy”.Command economies are usually recognizable in places where the
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1. Explain expansionary and contractionary (monetary policy). Include an explanation how these policies are used to correct recession and inflation in the economy. 2. Expalain how monetary fiscal policies are mixed together in order to meet long term
Government wants an expansionary monetary policy, the Central bank would ask the commercial banks to print fancy stamped papers with net amounts written (known as BONDS) and sell them to Central Bank. The central bank would buy the bond and pay the commercial bank money for the bond. Thus, this money is used by the commercial banks to make more credit as they give out this money to buyers. These people spend, Example, Mr. X borrowed $90 and bought a Dell Computer, now Dell would deposit the $90
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Market Model Patterns of Change
Finally, the nature of the industry trade patterns has undergone importance changes in order to have permission to issue licenses and permits in distributive trade market.An industry with monopoly market model is considered to have price setting power, and it will strive to earn high levels of profit (Galbraith, 2001). However, the industry is limited by the position of its demand curve that means monopoly cannot set price that clients cannot afford. Petroleum Industry is the sole supplier in
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Explain the neoclassical arguments that (a) the price of a good reflects how scare it is, and (b) competitive markets are efficient. Make sure that you go through all the supporting concepts, such as the nature of supply and demand, that underpin these a
A moderate price comes as a result of market equilibrium that is when the supply of commodities equals the demand for commodities. In essence, the price for a good or a service fluctuates according to its supply, and the supply can be scarce, moderate or abundant. In relation to the theory of demand and supply when a market has many suppliers there will be an abundant supply of goods and services and in turn, a competition for buyers among the suppliers. This will go on to influence the price
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The law of comparative advantage forms the basis of international trade. Explain the above statement with reference to the trade theories of David Ricardo and Heckscher and Ohlin. Using evidence from empirical studies, discuss to what extent these
Of the one of the product leaving Portugal to produce the other, output for both products would increase and thereby giving both countries a chance to benefit from trade (Kilduff and Ting, 2007, p.Although comparative remains a critical determinant of trade, OECD countries are more similar economically and therefore trade based on comparative advantage may not find application in current international trade ("Comparative advantage: Doing what you do best", 2011, p. Despite the economic
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Consider whether it would be appropriate for the government to use demand management policies to promote economic growth in the United Kingdom
Daniel Tarling-Hunter, an economist explains why the economy may be falling apart (Thompsons 22). The three reasons that he puts forth are linked to an increase in the rates of unemployment, adding that there is increasing inflation in the region leading to people’s distrust in the government. He adds that this may change in the middle months of 2012 due to hosting of the Olympic Games and an overall decrease in inflation.The economic policies of the UK gear towards a decrease in the
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Economics
The world economy has experienced various economic conditions and new ideas are evolving, complementing the traditional economic ideas. The following are the alternative economic ideas in the modern economy. First, modern economies are considering shifting from outsourcing to in-sourcing. Economies are encouraging local production to enhance domestic employment. Another idea includes the accessing of wealth of the locals; information and communication technologies are changing the operations of
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Market Economy
The highest pricing is denoted at 10, which brings a zero attendance. However, when the club decides to reduce its pricing to zero, the attendance will be full at 20. To make a better reflection on the elast5city of the club in pricing, there is need to focus on the equilibrium point. The equilibrium point is where the lines intercept. This is when the price is at £ 6, and the attendance will be denoted at 8.In part B, there are several considerations that could be used to make the favourable
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Market Economy
The effect on the quantity demanded whenever variables other than price change are reflected by a shift leftward or rightward in demand. A leftward or rightward shift in demand reflects that the quantity demanded decreased or increased as a result of changes in the variables other than price. Some discussion uses an upward or downward shift in demand but it seems more appropriate to talk of a leftward or rightward shift in the demand curve when talking of changes that will occur when variables
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MACRO CASE 5- Business cycles: phases, indicators, measures, economic evolution, outlooks
The return to normalcy of interest rates led to bursting of the bubble. Many homeowners were unable to pay their mortgages and many financial institutions such as Lehman brothers, Bearstern, and Fannie Mae lost liquidity. Consumer confidence was lost leading to increased savings and less consumption thus low demand and recession. According to Yellen (2009) it hit 30-year low. Credit crunch also arose as a result of lost confidence by banks in lending. Reduced consumption by households and
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Explain how the introduction of a minimum wage may affect the level of employment in theory. Examine and critically assess the evidence reported by Alaniz et al (2011) on the impact of the minimum wage on wages, employment and poverty in Nicaragua
The worst aspect of this rise in unemployment is the fact that the people who will be most affected are the poor people who are not too educated. When the minimum wage policy will be implemented, the costs of hiring on part of the employers will rise and they will be forced to wither cut the current staff or freeze their hiring programs. They think that the poor and uneducated people will be most affected since the policy is affecting only them. The educated or wealthy people are already
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Assignment 2
As life expectancy is sensitive to newborn and child mortalities, these counts on extensive access to healthcare and nutrition, it is very much sensitive to social and economic lack of equality (Dawson, Hatt, & Linda, 2001).Education is important for determining the choices available to peoples. It is a key determinant of social and economic mobility. The index of education is computed as one-third rates of enrolment and two-thirds rates of adult literacy, makes it sensitive to both future
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Macro 3.4
On the other hand, a downward movement below point C along the vertical axis leads to an increase in number of additional units of automobile being produced as more and more units of forklifts are being sacrificed(Tucker, 2011).When this economy produces 10 automobiles and 40 forklifts, it is an indication that, the hypothetical economy must sacrifice 10 units of automobile in order to produce 10 units of folk lifts. On the other hand, the economy must sacrifice 40 units of forklifts to produce
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Assay question: i)Wage discrimination against women; (ii)Barriers limiting womens promotion (e.g. glass ceilings); (iii)More control of household spending by men than women
Reasons behind such disparities include the idea that women are underpaid generally because they usually carry out low-status jobs in comparison to men (England, 2003).Like in the graph below; the yellow bar shows the rate of employment for men as opposed to that of women in pink.Wage discrimination against women is a critical issue that must be addressed by concerned agencies and the government at large. The big reason for this step is that women are losing huge amounts of dollars over the
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Discusses a topical or current issue in microeconomics
During the time of Windows 7, it accounted to about 83% of PC sales. Today, only 58% of windows buyers opt for Windows 8.Despite the discrepancies, most marketers have elicited faith in the sales of these tablets. IHS iSuppli predicts over one million sales of the surface tablets in the last quarter of this year. In fact, the firm estimates a 1.3 million sale. It is undoubtedly a tough way forward for Microsoft to gain ground in the tablet market (Neely 46).The law of demand is experienced in
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ECONOMIC OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
Rather, it needs to be scrapped and then remade along different lines.There are some huge issues down the line and these include the complete consumption of the environment, resource depletion, war, conflicts and lessening of social bonding. The key cause behind this would be overconsumption. Fotopoulos (2007) comments on the “de-growth initiative” and states that people are currently trying to live at standards of affluence which are too high for all to share. This is leading to an
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How Will Advances in Big Data, IT, Cloud Computing and Analytics Impact Healthcare
As it is known, almost all disease and outbreaks repeat themselves in time. This means that doctors might be unable to identify some old diseases just because a record of the disease in the past cannot be located.Another major inefficiency in healthcare is administration. Administration in the healthcare system is very poor yet a lot of money is used in the administration of all health care system. This is double inefficiency. Administrating healthcare especially in underdeveloped countries is
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Giving examples, explain off-balance sheet banking. Also explain why off-balance sheet banking is an important issue for financial regulators and how regulators try to regulate off-balance sheet activity by financial institutions
On the other hand, if the customer sells the investment and again deposits the amount in the Bank account, it becomes a liability for the bank. For instance, Citibank maintain an off-balance sheet asset of 960 billion $ which accounts for 6% of the GDP of United States. The formal distinction between On & Off-Balance sheets is quite critical and depends largely on the decisions of management. In true sense, a company would include assets and liabilities in their balance sheet if it either
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Internet job search and unemployment
But the effect of globalization and technological advancements internet has entered into the living rooms of the society. The websites on job searches have improved in due course of time. In recent times the employers are taking the initiative to provide detailed job listings and information on available positions on the job search engines which eases up the process between the employer and the job seeker (Goess, 2011). The change has been overwhelming with significant improvements over the
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