Bleakley cited in Robson has identified the term ‘ reflective practitioner’ to become a ‘ catch-all phrase’ and has identified that there are many conflicting theories regarding reflective practice. Before analyzing the theories outlining reflective practices in teaching, it would be important to go through a few definitions of ‘ reflective thinking’ . ‘ Reflective thinking is thinking that is aware of its own assumptions and implications as well as being conscious of the reasons and evidence that support the conclusion (Lipman, 2003:26). John Dewey defined reflective thinking as “ active, persistent and careful consideration any belief or supposed form of knowledge in the light of the grounds that support it and the further conclusion to which it tends” (Martin, 1995:167).
Reid (1993) presents a motivational definition of reflective thinking as “ a process of reviewing an experience of practice in order to describe, analyze, evaluate and so inform learning about practice. ” Van Manen defines reflection in terms of a means of mental action that distances the person from events in order that they may be viewed in a more objective manner (as cited in 1999:17).
Many researchers have considered problem-solving and value conflict as aspects of reflective thinking (Totten & Pedersen 2007:79). Reflective practice has both advantages and disadvantages. It can positively affect professional growth and development by leading to greater self-awareness, to the development of new knowledge about professional practice, and to a broader understanding of the problems that confront practitioners (Osterman 1990). However, it is a time-consuming process and it may involve personal risk because the questioning of practice requires that practitioners be open to an examination of beliefs, values, and about which there may be great sensitivity (Peters 1991).
Bernard (2002:84) agree that practitioners often found the process quite a time consuming and there was a greater fear of becoming introspective or being critical of oneself too much in practice.
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples