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The Linguistics Theory Essay Example

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The Linguistics Theory

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The Linguistics Theory. The rows illustrate contradictory lexemes. Lexemes placed on the same level (row) always contrast with each other. They represent hyponyms of the larger semantic field they belong to. In this case parent, sibling, aunt, cousin, uncle, niece and nephew contrast as hyponyms of “relative”.There may sometimes be meanings of hyponyms that are placed on the same row, that partially coincide. In the Diagram, there is the possibility of “cousin” sometimes being also a niece or a nephew. Such terms create a partial synonymy. The extent of meaning of the two words is highlighted by a gray line between them.Blank boxes indicate that the hypernym of a group of words is not found in the lexic. In this case, the terms: aunt, uncle, nephew and niece lead us to the thought of a more distant type of family relationships, but there is no available lexeme with this meaning.

Words that relate just by meaning, form lexical relations, can take various forms: synonymy is when all the semantic components of the words are similar; antonyms are created when one component of the meanings differs; and hyponymy is the case of an extra component is added to differentiate one word from the other.The antonym is a lexical opposition. It was traditionally classified as a contrastive paradigmatic construction (meaning a complex lexical construction that unifies with other constructions, resulting in syntagmatic usage). Unlike other paradigmatic relations, antonymy is both a lexical and a semantic relationship2. Unlike synonyms and hyponyms, antonyms can only exist in binary form.It is also thought that, unlike synonyms and hyponyms, the antonym can only be a contrast set of only two words. But, depending on the meaning, words may have different antonyms. Besides the natural binarity of the antonym, there is also the possibility of a brighter spectrum of contrast. For instance, the antonym of happy would be: sad. But “angry” is also very different from happy and can easily be used to contradict it.Coordinated Antonymy, a discourse –functional category – it indicate exhaustiveness of the scale involved. It neutralizes the difference between normally opposed categories, by considering them and all the instances in between, as being true.Transitional Antonymy (i.: from X to Y; turning X into Y) – indicates a shift from one state, action or thing to its opposite. This function require semantically contrasting (i., non-identical) referents. The Linguistics Theory.

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preview essay on The Linguistics Theory
  • Pages: 7 (1750 words)
  • Document Type: Essay
  • Subject: Science
  • Level: Undergraduate
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