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Liberation Theology of Latin America Essay Example

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Liberation Theology of Latin America

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This discontent was not only outside the church, but also within the position and file of the church. Here, priests and various followers began to express their dissatisfaction. The notable name at this time was Hélder Camera. He was of the opinion that there should be conscientization of the poor. At the same time, he denounced poverty and the violence of capitalism acts that seemed to indicate a leaning towards socialism.5 This was furthered by his actions of gathering a number of bishops from the Catholic Church from Asia, Latin America and even from Africa.These individuals collectively wrote an article titled ‘A Message to the People of the Third World’. The message within this document was that the people within the third world are the proletariat of the rest of the world.6 This was an underlining of the status that the third world occupies in the order of things in comparison to the developed world. This was a revolutionary call to the people of the third world to rise up against the oppressive status of things. He was also of the opinion that there should be equitable sharing of the wealth, since those with it were using it to dehumanize the poor masses.He stressed out that the bible was the basis and the origin of the radical revolution that should set things in the proper order. Another more radical revolutionary at this point was Camilo Torres. This priest from Colombia was of the opinion that there was a need for a revolution. He organized United Front whose aim was to gather people of all social statuses especially of the poor members of the lower classes who would then play a central role in bringing social change.7 Persuaded that hostility was the only way to gain the change needed, he quit priesthood to guerilla Army of National Liberation.The works of this priest saw him raised to the position of a martyr after his death in an ambush. He was of the opinion that ‘the duty of every catholic is to be a revolutionary, and the duty of every revolutionary is to make the revolution’. The end result was a springing up of hundreds of ‘Camilista groups’ all over Latin America. As a result of this, there were debates among the Christian fraternity that questioned reformist strategies while there was justification of violent revolutions. The changes that people sought were not going to come easy. People would have to fight to get them.It is crucial to assert that, it was not only the Catholics who were

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Sigmund, Paul E., Liberation Theology at the Crossroads. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Bahmann, Manfred. A preference for the poor: Latin American liberation theology from a Protestant perspective. Lanham, Md. [u.a.]: Univ. Press of America, 2005.

Brown, Robert. Liberation theology: an introductory guide. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1993.

Smith, Christian. The emergence of liberation theology: radical religion and social movement theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Turner, David. An introduction to liberation theology. Lanham (Md.); New York; London: University press of America, cop. 1994.

Gill, Antholy, “The Study of Liberation Theology.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion. Vol. 41, No. 1 (March 2002).

Erickson, Millard J. Christian Theology. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1998.

Elwell, Walter A. and Barry J. Beitzel. Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1988.

Linden, Ian. Liberation Theology: Coming of Age? Massachusetts: CIIR. 2000.

Berryman, Philip. Liberation Theology. New York: Temple University Press. 1987.

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