This implies that human cognition (thoughts, perspectives, and expectations) ability is paramount for learning. Besides, we unconsciously do latent learning which occurs when we bombard a stranger who seeks directions, and we guide them by giving specific key directions to where they need to go. This is so since as humans we are always developing cognitive maps or mental representations of our environments without explicitly telling ourselves to do it. In summary, we learn through modeling by imitating certain figures (such as parents and leaders) since the behaviors we observe in others increases the likelihood that we will encode and perform the same acts (such as imitating the styles and facial expressions of those around us). Albert Bandura’s experiment expounds on social-cognitive tenets which affirm that our social learning is tied to our personality and behavior choices. This reinforces the role of parents and those around us since our surrounding models play a central role in social learning. The video also captures incidental (latent) learning which transpires unconsciously without knowledge being instantly expressed often referred to as accidental learning (which encompasses learning something in the process of another trait or behavior such as switching off a light bulb). Lastly, we learn unconsciously by having mental pictures of a certain country or place which allows humans to navigate to invisible destinations by forming cognitive maps.The second video entitled “How We Make Memories” addresses the precepts of our memory, how we encode information and how damaging the memory part of the brain can affect us. The video highlight the case study of Clive Wearing who contracted Herpes viral Encephalitis that ravaged his central nervous system and since then he has been unable to recall his past. Learning and Memory.
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