Although most of the mentioned cases are mostly within hospital settings, Costridium difficile is also common away from medical centres. Te risk of infection by Clostridium difficile depends on two factors; te exposure to the bacteria and exposure to antibiotics. Te occurrence of Clostridium difficile is highest in infants, acounting for about 84. Rsidents in long-term care facilities come second with about 57% occurrence, wile occurrence in healthy adults accounts for about 5-15%. I hospital settings, mst transmissions occur from hand carriage and environmental surface contamination of infected staff members.
Oce the Clostridium difficile begins to produce toxins, tey spread fast, epecially through diarrhoea. Te bacteria can withstand the environment outside the body and can therefore contaminate the skin, tilets, ad other surfaces where transmission easily occurs through ingestion. Te spores produced by the bacteria can also be transmitted through the air such as when spreading a bed. O all the healthcare-associated infections, HIs, kown to man, Costridium difficile remains of the most resistant infections. I the United States alone, i infects about 337,000 people annually, o Americans succumb to it within the same time.
Oder adults are mostly likely to get the infection and succumb to it. Aditionally, i costs the United States health care sector an average 3. 2billion dollars every year. I recent years, te organism has been increasing its resistance to medication and being of concern in the medical field. Oe of its biggest challenges is that it arises from the use of medication. A such, i may hamper the medication and healing process (Coia 2009, p Collectively, al these factors Clostridium a problem organism.
Te final challenge is that no specific method of diagnosis can be termed as being the best. I the following section, te different existing methods of diagnosing the organism are discussed. Dagnosing Clostridium difficile is usually a difficult process. Tis is because while the bacteria might be the most common [infectious] causal factor of diarrhoea associated with antibiotics, tere needs to be a way of distinguishing it from other causes of diarrhoea (The Lancet 2013, n There are both noninfectious and infectious causes. Fr Saphylococcus aureus cause colitis similar to Clostridium. ..
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