The crux of his argument is that the categorical imperative, wich is the fundamental principle of morality, i in essence the law of an autonomous will. Sch morality requires a conception of reason, wich in normal daily lives goes well beyond our basic desires. I these arguments, Knt sets out to establish the foundational principle of a set of morals. Wat he is trying to show is that this foundational moral principle draws from a rational will in all of us, ad it is this rational will that possess the autonomy to act morally.
Tis autonomy is essentially derived from duty and has the capability of denouncing all inclinations (second proposition) in order to pursue actions that are done strictly in respect of moral law (third proposition). A he rounds up his arguments in this work, h puts it clearly that there are universal moral laws, ad any action that is agreeable should not only obey a moral law, bt should be done to ensure morality is upheld (Kant 4:400). Ay action that is not done for of a moral law even if it conforms to a moral law is not logically necessary.
Tus, i is prudent to observe and link the second and third propositions in pursuit of the universal law of morals. Knt seems to maintain that the second proposition is directly linked with the third proposition. Hwever, te notion of respect seems to suggest otherwise as it exists in the third and not in the second proposition. Wat, ten, i respect? Rspect is a notion unhinged to the personal faculty of desire is not an inclination.
I plain English, tus, rspect is an attitude which impels goodwill actions. A action done by reason of inclination, a opposed to one by reason of respect, wuld seek a desired effect, ad is NOT an action from duty, bt an action for a purpose. Tis brings us to a consideration of the will to do an action and its a priori principle, demed by Kant to be formal, ad it’s a posteriori motive, demed by Kant to be material. Te will must be on the priori principle to do an action in order to constitute moral worth.
I there are any a posteriori (or material) concerns with regards to it, i cannot logically be deemed moral, snce it is based on personal interest instead of respect for moral law even if it is in compliance of a moral duty. Tus, agrocer who offers his inexperienced. ..
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