“The rainbow" is now understood as an image of their own beauty and it "is enuf “(Lester 27)In general, te title for itself can be linked to the cry of the oppressed in the society and how they would fight back to enjoying life. Tis is the same concept that was in the Jazz literature between the 1st and 2nd World War. Te only difference is that Shange laid emphasis on gender issues while the Jazz aspect was in form of racism. Smilar to Jazz literature, Sange’s work mental and physical suffering among the black girls.
Te poems show the challenges that the black women go through in the society. I starts with the female body and sexuality as a challenge. Te challenges that the black women go through go through include rape or understanding the adolescence stage. Te black women also have the challenges of understanding or appreciating themselves of what they are and not what other people say about them. Te poem gives the idea that the women are the oppressed in the society, nt but mentally.
Te poems show that black women are not developed as their white counterparts (Richard 16). “Dark Phrases’ also speaks of the definitions put on Black women by their environment…. ‘utside Detroit, Otside Houston, ’and my other locations that make up American society. Te meaning behind this is not to state location, bt to express a state of mind. Tis isolates a person not only physically, bt also mentally. ”(Richard 15)The poems are characterized by pains and sorrows, dvelopment and success the same way in Jazz literature was of suffering, sruggle and success.
Fr example, te “graduation nite” is about losing of virginity upon a black girl. I explores the youth to adulthood where one can make her own decisions. I also shows the change of events on the part of the black girl (Richard 16). I the same way that Jazz literature goes through the phases of oppression, bing forced into submission and fighting to get an identity, Sange’s work does the same. Te literature depicts the black woman’s struggle through distinct situations and they arrive ‘selfhood’ as they find God in themselves.
Sanges’ work elaborates how patriarchal discourse made the black girls suffer and how they struggles to get their identity back. Lter they end up being “black females who only need to be loved and appreciated” (Hammad 254)The. ..
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