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Issue of privacy Essay Example

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Issue of privacy

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During this time, these laws were necessary due to the fact that male individuals dominated most of life scope hence the need for identifying true heirs was appropriate.In the past, most law codes did not support the “tooth for a tooth or eye for an eye” of Hammurabi’s code. In its place, the oppressor was by law bound to pay fees to the oppressed. Most of those people who had means, mostly men since women were limited to own property , were not all that above the law and were always compelled to pay the price for any offence committed that overstepped the rights of a single human being. In those days, the life of a free person was twice that of a slave hence most people who were capable saw it wise to quench their anger on slaves since paying for their price was affordable. To curb the usual nature of human revenge threading a continuous blood feud, many laws gave provision of some amount to be paid to the King or ruler of that particular area that the offence has been committed. For instance a murderer could pay a fee called “Fredum” to his king to buy protection. The amount varied depending on the territory over which the victim would need protection. Montesquieu believed that this was the origin of the word freedom.The replacement of tribal law by common law followed the adoption of primogeniture which later grew to ensure continued rule of a given family in an attempt to stabilize societies and avoid bloodshed upon the death of a particular ruler. While integration replaced nomadic invasion into feudal societies, a common law began to sprout in old England as well as other parts of Europe. Historicaly England is the primary historical source of American Law.Origins of current American rights to privacy and other inalienable rights may be traced to Magna Carta; this is said to be 13th century England which perhaps is the first time recorded history. This guaranteed certain personal rights to free men. In 17th century, Britain’s Bill of rights ensued to be an additional forerunner to the Declaration of independence, United States Constitution, and the American bill of rights a century later.Several philosophers have written articles about the “natural law” and right that are supposed to be in place as a result of man’s ability. John Locke’s article encouraged a belief in man’s aptitudes to distinguish and define what was best for each individual. John

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