During this time, tese laws were necessary due to the fact that male individuals dominated most of life scope hence the need for identifying true heirs was appropriate. I the past, mst law codes did not support the “tooth for a tooth or eye for an eye” of Hammurabi’s code. I its place, te oppressor was by law bound to pay fees to the oppressed. Mst of those people who had means, mstly men since women were limited to own property, wre not all that above the law always compelled to pay the price for any offence committed that overstepped the rights of a single human being.
I those days, te life of a free person was twice that of a slave hence most people who were capable saw it wise to quench their anger on slaves since paying for their price was affordable. T curb the usual nature of human revenge threading a continuous blood feud, mny laws gave provision of some amount to be paid to the King or ruler of that particular area that has been committed.
Fr instance a murderer could pay a fee called “Fredum” to his king to buy protection. Te amount varied depending on the territory over which the victim would need protection. Mntesquieu believed that this was the origin of the word freedom. Te replacement of tribal law by common law followed the adoption of primogeniture which later grew to ensure continued rule of a given family in an attempt to stabilize societies and avoid bloodshed upon the death of a particular ruler. Wile integration replaced nomadic into societies, acommon law began to sprout in old England as well as other parts of Europe.
Hstoricaly England is the primary historical source of American Law. Oigins of current American rights to privacy and other inalienable rights may be traced to Magna Carta; tis is said to be 13th century England which perhaps is the first time recorded history. Tis guaranteed certain personal rights to free men. I 17th century, Bitain’s Bill of rights ensued to be an additional forerunner to the Declaration of independence, Uited States ad the bill of rights a century later.
Sveral philosophers have written articles about the “natural law” and right that are supposed to be in place as a result of man’s ability. Jhn Locke’s article encouraged a belief in man’s aptitudes to distinguish and define what was best for each individual. Jhn. ..
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