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# Islamic Physical Science in the Golden Age

This system is still in use as of today and forms the very basis of modern mathematics. I would not be wrong to say that he laid the basis for everyday mathematics we use today. Hs book “The Compendious Book on Calculation and Balancing” in almost 830 AD, eplained detailed calculations and basic functions of equations, adition and subtraction (Brezina 44). Hs equations form the basis of Algebra and he explained the way to balance equations by diving and multiplying. Tese equations were used in everyday problems and for next generation Muslim scientists to perfect Algebra and expand its implications.

H introduced the system of square and roots. Frthermore, h made tables for value of sine and cosine and made trigonometry (Houtsma 413). Fr most part, tis trigonometry is unchanged and still in use today, wich has uses in construction, nvigation and mapping systems to name a few. Hs work was translated and spread across Europe. H also contributed towards geography and astronomy. A Uqlidisi published his work about a century later than Al Khwarizmi. H worked publisher in Baghdad.

Hs main contribution towards mathematics was the introduction of decimal system in about 952 AD. H perfected the use of numerals with decimals and also introduced fractions (Chabert et al. H expanded the work by Al Khwarizmi. Hs contribution paved way for exact values and fractions to be used by next generation of Muslim scientists. I simple, h filled in the missing pieces in work before him and made arithmetic in its modern form. H laid groundwork for modern calculations. Iagine scientists from the European achieving without this base of mathematics provided by the Muslims in this Golden Age.

Mslim scientists had particular interest in astronomy as it related to their religion. Te prayer times are related with the phases of the sun and this encouraged them to explore the field. Tbles were made to predict the timings and phases of the sun. Frthermore, te Islamic calendar system was based on the phases of the moon. Te most contributing factor to the development of the field, hwever, ws the basics of astronomy mentioned the Quran.

factor led to the track of a solar year that was determined by the Muslims to a degree of astonishing accuracy. Bfore the Muslim scientists. ..

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