(Helms, p 129-132) Mosques and Madrasahs reflect the spaciousness of the Roman buildings, a places with space for the whole community to gather for edification and worship. Amosque in Armenia provides an example of this with the photograph to the left illustrating its outer simplicity and the photograph to the left showing a floor-plan of its inner spaciousness. Wen the Byzantine Empire became the dominant force in what had been the Roman Empire, te most dominant influence on Islamic architecture exerted its impact. As Islamic forces spread eastern parts of the Byzantine empire, tey absorbed much the art they encountered.
(alman, Te Birth of Islam, [nternet])The highly ornamental nature of Byzantine architecture became one of the dominant characteristics of Islamic architecture as well. Te earliest influences include the use of calligraphy as an ornament in their architecture. To the right is an example from a Mosque in Afghanistan. (slamic Architecture, IAO, [nternet]). Oe of the most profound influences on Islamic architecture was the Hagia Sophia. The church was dedicated in 360 by the Emperor Constantius, sn Constantine.
Te Hagia Sophia served as the cathedra, o bishops seat, o Constantinople, te then capital of the Empire. The first church was burned to the ground by riots in 404 A. A second church was built and it too burned down during the Nika revolt of 532 A. In 532 Emperor Justinian ordered the church rebuilt and it was dedicated in 537 A. Its system of domes and arcades became the basis for mosque design throughout the world. (egner, [nternet]) To the left is a photo of view the east in which the system of arcades is visible.
To the right the amazing network of domes is clearly visible. In 1453 the Hagia Sophia was converted to a mosque which it remained until 1934 the Turkish government made it a museum. A demonstrated in part by the Hagia Sophia, te Early Christian Church also brought its influence to bear on Islamic architecture. One of the hallmarks of early Christian architecture is the development of the monastic lifestyle and the monastery. A common floor plan of monastery included cloister surrounding a square courtyard.
Lcated around the cloister were the library, capter house, drmitory, rfectory, ktchen, cllar, ifirmary, ...
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