After this state of euphoria, the heroin user then goes through an alternately wakeful and drowsy state. Through continued heroin use, tolerance for the drug sets in and the user’ s physiological reaction to the drug diminishes, and more heroin is necessary to receive the same level of effect. Users have a high risk of experiencing addiction with about 23% of individuals using heroin becoming dependent on it (NIDA, 2010). The drug’ s behavioral impact on users is severe. Most abusers find trouble concentrating, learning, or having clear thoughts (ACDE, n. Most the time, they cannot hold down jobs; they can be apathetic and be unable to carry out and sustain personal relationships (Pearson, Gilman, and McIver, 1987).
Their inability to find means to sustain their addiction often leads them to crime. Their compulsive use often triggers self-destructive and irresponsible behavior which manifests as antisocial actions and a general indifference to injury, pain, and the loss caused to others (ACDE, n.Heroin has adverse effects on health. It is associated with serious health conditions, fatal overdose, spontaneous abortion, and in some individuals the drug – infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS and hepatitis (NIDA, 2010).
For prolonged users, they may suffer collapsed veins, infection of the heart lining and valves, abscesses, liver or kidney disease (NIDA, 2010). Some may later develop pneumonia which may be caused by their poor health as well as their compromised respiration. The drug sometimes contains toxic contaminants which can clog the blood vessels to the lungs, liver, and other major organs, thereby leading to permanent damage to these organs (Virmani, Ali, and Binienda, 2010). For long-time users, their use can lead to physical dependence and when they stop the use of the drug they are likely to suffer severe withdrawal symptoms.
These withdrawal symptoms may manifest as restlessness, muscle, and bone pain, insomnia, and vomiting.
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples