These items could be victims’ personal belongings or murder weapons (Westman, 1994). Tere are several detection and excavation techniques that forensic archaeology applies in locating burial mass graves and other sites of interest (Hunter & Cox, 2005). Tere are two main reasons mass grave excavation is normally done; t provide information for human rights work and for forensic medico-legal investigations (Pedeli & Pulga, 2013). I fact, mdico-legal documents derived from mass grave excavation have proved useful in forensic investigations and legal processes at the Rwanda Genocide Tribunal in as well as the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.
I both cases, pofessional archaeologists conversant with versed medico-legal realities of decompose bodies are usually employed (Sullivan & Mackay, 2013). Tus, te forensic context of mass graves is a really important element in the excavation of such graves and the exhumation of human remains (Pearson, 2001). Tis paper explores and justifies the methods employed to confirm the existence of a mass grave site, gving details of how bodies and associated evidences are recovered. I addition, te and justifies the logistical requirements for the investigation and then considers the health and safety implications for the excavation team.
Al these aspects of the paper are covered with reference to a suspected mass grave in a given site, fllowing the rounding up and the disappearance of a group of people from a village in a temperate country during a civil war (Ruwanpura et al. I this case, arial photographs reveal evidence of a large triangular area of disturbed ground, wth a temporary track leading up to the (Blau Ubelaker, 2008).
Wtness testimony indicates that a large numbers of local men had been rounded up in this area by the ruling military and have since ‘disappeared’. Tis paper is thus a United Nations-commissioned expert plan on how this potential mass grave will be investigated. Te first activity in many forensic archaeology processes is the identification or the confirmation of the existence of a mass grave or site of interest to an investigation (Saks & Faigman, 2008). Tere are several indicators that will be used for confirming existence of suspected grave in this. ..
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