2 On both the level of local and international legal systems, Hart argued that there should be a rule of recognition.3 Some norms of a society do fall within the authority of the legal system, while others are socially accepted norms, not always framed by legal structures. All laws, though, are not necessarily connected to morality but do serve to coerce the members of a society into acceptable behaviours and practices. But laws can only be valid when private citizens meet their obligations, or obey the rules, according to the law, and public officials enact the conduct set out within those laws to manage and enact the legal system.4 Often if a legal system is able to meet such criteria, and there are no political reasons for defying the legal system, the population at large will with few exceptions, obey the law.The two levels of law referred to above, represent Hart’s contention in “The Concept of Law” that both primary and secondary laws exist within a legal system. Primary laws govern conduct, usually under some threat of punishment or sanction, of all the members of the society or community. Secondary laws govern the way the legal system is managed: how laws are created; how they can be changed; how and why they are cancelled. It is vital that laws of both types are clearly understood by individuals. This is possible only when clear statements of rules, obligations and privileges are made, and the formulation, imposition and enactment of laws are widely recognised as valid. Perhaps most essentially, who has power within this legal process must be understood and accepted by a. The International Community: A Large Municipality.
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