The success of her marriage was highly important in her young and middle adulthood as she built a strong relationship with her husband and children. Tis is evident in her loneliness and her memories of her husband who died. Aso, te distance of her daughters has increased her level of loneliness as they have established their families and live independently. Hwever, te presence of her grandchildren has enabled her to establish new relationships with them and to understand that she still has a family that cares for her. Acording Brown and Lowis (2003), idividuals within their 80s and 90s develop new demands, dfficulties, ad re-evaluations that require adequate confrontation and discussion achievable by designating a ninth stage that would clarify such challenges (Brown & Lowis, 2003).
Tis proposition was earlier made by Erikson himself, ad the researchers in the study only targeted at investigating if such a stage could be established and hold significance for individuals beyond the eighth stage, caracterized by “integrity” versus “despair”. Te findings of the study revealed that human beings are constantly developing psychologically spiritually, al through their lifespan, fr as long as they may live.
Acording to the authors of the article, sch knowledge is of great importance in terms of comforting those individuals that are aging, ad of value to relatives, cregivers, ad friends who can gain in terms of developing in-depth understanding of the superficial behaviour of the elderly (Brown & Lowis, 2003). Fom the interview I conducted with Catherine, oe of the most important things I learned is the importance of having interests, a one grows old. Sch interests either be creative, itellectual, o social.
A an advanced age, sch interests should not be necessarily directed towards achieving certain objectives or goals, a they are mostly important in maintaining self-identity. Eikson’s contradiction between “integrity” and “despair” does not clearly capture the niceties of growing old. Tese are just the end states that one attains after growing old, bt do not involve the process of growing old. Eikson’s stages of psychological were highly important in understanding Catherine and her current state of psychological development. Ctherine explained that she had a series of health...
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