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INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGY

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Because Adler’s influence emerged so early in the history of psychology, he introduced a number of novel and innovative concepts to help explain his theories and findings. Among these concepts were (1) the creative self, (2) a lifestyle, and (3) an inferiority complex. With respect to the creative self, Adler meant that the responsibility for the individuals personality into his own hands. In other words, each individual is responsible for himself and that uncontrollable forces are not to blame for his current condition. Additionally, an inferiority complex is the feeling that one is inferior to others in any number of ways (Freud, 1932). Like the creative self, the inferiority complex is an attitude with respect to a locus of control. An external locus of control, like that seen in someone with an inferiority complex, is the same problem the Adlerian practitioner is trying to combat when showing an individual that uncontrollable forces are not to blame for his current condition. A “lifestyle”, according to classical Adlerian psychology, is the context in which we understand a person’s behavior, such that it is a pattern expressing an individual’s striving toward meaning throughout a lifetime.Each of these concepts contributes in some way to Adler’s model of personality, which he developed and supported throughout his life as a psychologist. But the model itself is based on a number of assumptions, like most theories and speculations in early psychology (Mosak & Maniacci, 1999). First among these assumptions is the humanistic model of man, which, among other claims, says that all people have value and have an underlying sameness, particularly in their psychology. Adlerian psychologists found this sameness in what they took to be a unity of personality, which can then be fashioned freely within the individual person. In other words, to use a metaphor, the individual is both “the picture and the artist” (Durbin, 1986). If one can change his or her self-concept, then he or she has essentially change the picture (the self-portrait, if you will) he or she is painting.Moving past those basic assumptions, Adler developed a theory of personality that adds to the psychology of personality even today. Adlerian psychology elaborates of individual differences in personality by introducing three more concepts:
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preview essay on INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • Pages: 5 (1250 words)
  • Document Type: Research Paper
  • Subject: Unsorted
  • Level: College
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