Because Adler’s influence emerged so early in the history of psychology, h introduced a number of novel and innovative concepts to help explain his theories and findings. Aong these concepts were (1) the creative self, 2) a lifestyle, ad (3) an inferiority complex. Wth respect to the creative self, Aler meant that the responsibility for the individuals personality into his own hands. I other words, ech individual is responsible for himself and that uncontrollable forces are not to blame for his current condition. Aditionally, a inferiority complex is that one is inferior to others in any number of ways (Freud, 1932).
Lke the creative self, te inferiority complex is an attitude with respect to a locus of control. A external locus of control, lke that seen in someone with an inferiority complex, i the same problem the Adlerian practitioner is trying to combat when showing an individual that uncontrollable forces are not to blame for his current condition. A“lifestyle”, acording to classical Adlerian psychology, i the context in which we understand a person’s behavior, sch that it pattern expressing an individual’s striving toward meaning throughout a lifetime.
Ech of these concepts contributes in some way to Adler’s model of personality, wich he developed and supported throughout his life as a psychologist. Bt the model itself is based on a number of assumptions, lke most theories and speculations in early psychology (Mosak & Maniacci, 1999). Frst among these assumptions is the humanistic model of man, wich, aong other claims, sys that all people have value and have an underlying sameness, prticularly in their psychology. Alerian psychologists this in what they took to be a unity of personality, wich can then be fashioned freely within the individual person.
I other words, t use a metaphor, te individual is both “the picture and the artist” (Durbin, 1986). I one can change his or her self-concept, ten he or she has essentially change the picture (the self-portrait, i you will) he or she is painting. Mving past those basic assumptions, Aler developed a theory of personality that adds to the psychology of personality even today. Alerian psychology of individual in personality by introducing three more concepts: ...
Please type your essay title, choose your document type, enter your email and we send you essay samples