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Incorporating Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development Into the Justice System Essay Example

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Incorporating Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development Into the Justice System

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Incorporating Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development Into the Justice System. Principles (Kohlbergs Moral Stages, n.); and further classified into six stages: Stage 1: Obedience and punishment orientation; Stage 2: Naively egoistic orientation; Stage 3: Good-boy/good-girl orientation; Stage 4: Authority and social-order-maintaining orientation; Stage 5: Contractual/legalistic orientation; and Stage 6: The morality of individual principles of conscience (Kohlbergs Moral Stages, n. These stages could be applied to the evaluation of three (3) types of criminals who are at different stages of moral development. For instance, Pirro (2009) was noted to have presented types of criminals into two categories, as proposed by Cesare Lombroso, known to be the founder of Italian school of criminology: “the first category included three main types of criminals: born criminals, insane criminals and epileptic criminals.

His second category, instead, was divided into occasional, criminoloid, and habitual criminals” (Pirro, 2009, par. Thus, for born criminals, for instance, at the very first stage of development, this type of criminal could not have been provided with the appropriate theoretical frameworks for the concept of right and wrong; and the rules that must be obeyed. During Stage 1, it was specifically noted that “the child assumes that powerful authorities hand down a fixed set of rules which he or she must unquestioningly obey” (Crain: Stage 1, 1985, par. If and when the learning environment was inefficient in providing lessons on obedience and punishment, persons with criminal orientations (due to upbringing or social environment) would continue to grow seeing concept of morality as oblivious and external to themselves (Crain, 1985).For another type of criminal, insane criminals, the stage 4 could explain the inability to maintain social order due to the mental incapacity ingrained. In stage 4, it was noted that “the respondent becomes more broadly concerned with society as a whole. Now the emphasis is on obeying laws, respecting authority, and performing ones duties so that the social order is maintained” (Crain: Stage 4, 1985, par. However, this could not have been applicable to insane criminals who do not have any regard for social order.Finally, Stage 6 or the universal principles state that “the principles of justice require us to treat the claims of all parties in an impartial manner, respecting the basic dignity, of all people as individuals. The principles of justice are therefore universal; they apply to. Incorporating Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development Into the Justice System.

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References

ALM Media Properties, LLC. (2013). Criminal Justice. Retrieved from dictionary.law.com: http://dictionary.law.com/Default.aspx?selected=405

Conflict Research Consortium. (1998). Differing Definitions of Justice. Retrieved from colorado.edu: http://www.colorado.edu/conflict/peace/problem/defjust.htm

Crain, W. (1985). Chapter 7: Kohlbergs Stages of Moral Development. Retrieved from faculty.plts.edu: http://faculty.plts.edu/gpence/html/kohlberg.htm

Kohlbergs Moral Stages. (n.d.). Retrieved from haverford.edu: http://www.haverford.edu/psych/ddavis/p109g/kohlberg.stages.html

Merriam-Webster, Inc. (2013). Justice. Retrieved from merriam-webster.com: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/justice

Pirro, D. (2009, October 8). Cesare Lombroso. Retrieved from The Florentine: http://www.theflorentine.net/articles/article-view.asp?issuetocId=4939

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preview essay on Incorporating Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development Into the Justice System
  • Pages: 3 (750 words)
  • Document Type: Assignment
  • Subject: Law
  • Level: High School
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