Policy and power structures may shape the roles of aid and can lead to attacks on NGOs and agencies, wile cultural, plitical, ehnic, ad socioeconomic motives and realities can influence both the choice to target and the decision to attack. Tis study focuses on one case of violent, oe involving politically motivated attacks on humanitarian agencies: te Sri Lanka case. The study concludes with a review of selected relevant policy suggestions, wich may be important to humanitarian organizations operating on war torn areas. I this paper, aqualitative research be employed to find out how politicization of humanitarian aid can influence the conflict and interfere or promote the humanitarian activities of providing and distributing aid in war torn areas.
Tis type of methodology be used to ascertain the interference of politics in the provision of aid by humanitarian organization in the Sri Lanka conflict. A brief history of Sri Lanka conflict will be provided. Te case will then be examined with a view to determine whether the humanitarian aid has been politicized, ad how if this politicization has impact on conflict.
Te paper will further explore other cases to ascertain whether there is a similar trend across the world. Fnally, te paper will provide policy recommendations to these effect. Te most recent example of violent attacks on workers of humanitarian organization can be found in Sri Lanka. Fr years Sri Lanka has been involved in prolonged bloody civil war. Te basis of the civil war arises from the history of extreme structural violence and oppression. Both the majority Singhalese ruling elites and the British have discriminated the minority people of Sri Lanka since the end of 19th century.
The civil war has been between two key parties: te Hindu Tamil rebel group, Tmil Tigers also known as the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eulam (LTTE), wo are the minority, ad the majority Buddhist Singhalese government. Sveral peace talks have been attempted, ad many cease-fires signed, bt war still continues till today. I has claimed an estimate of about 65,000 lives for the past 30 years. Crrently, rsearch shows that more than one million people are displaced because this conflict.
I is indicated that the Tamil diaspora has spread across the world. Ater the failure of the cease fire that was signed in 2002, te conflict resurged between 2005 and 2006 as the government and. ..
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