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Humanitarian aids Politics and Conflict

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Of particular concern is the relationship between humanitarian aid, politics and conflict. Research indicates that policy and power structures may shape the roles of aid and can lead to attacks on NGOs and agencies, while cultural, political, ethnic, and socioeconomic motives and realities can influence both the choice to target and the decision to attack. This study focuses on one case of violent, one involving politically motivated attacks on humanitarian agencies: the Sri Lanka case. The study concludes with a review of selected relevant policy suggestions, which may be important to humanitarian organizations operating on war torn areas.In this paper, qualitative research methodology will be employed to find out how politicization of humanitarian aid can influence the conflict and interfere or promote the humanitarian activities of providing and distributing aid in the war torn areas. This methodology is used to ascertain the interference of politics in the provision of aid by humanitarian organization in the Sri Lanka conflict. A brief history of Sri Lanka conflict will be provided. The case will then be examined with a view to determining whether the humanitarian aid has been politicized, and how if this politicization has had an impact on conflict. The paper will further explore other cases to ascertain whether there is a similar trend across the world. Finally, the paper will provide policy recommendations to these effect.The most recent example of violent attacks on workers of humanitarian organization can be found in Sri Lanka. For years, Sri Lanka has been involved in prolonged bloody civil war. The basis of this civil war arises from the history of extreme structural violence and oppression. Both the majority Singhalese ruling elites and the British have discriminated against the Tamil-speaking minority people of Sri Lanka since the end of 19th century. The civil war has been between two key parties: the Hindu Tamil rebel group, Tamil Tigers also known as the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eulam (LTTE), who are the minority, and the majority Buddhist Singhalese government. Several peace talks have been attempted, and many cease-fires signed, but war still continues till today. It has claimed an estimate of about 65,000 lives for the past 30 years. Currently, research shows that more than one
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