211). Furthermore, due to the current nature of labour market workers prefer flexible working environment. Therefore, there is a high rate of labour turnover making it hard for organizations to control their workforce. Consequently, most organizations do not care to plan for resources that they cannot control. Despites the importance of manpower planning most organizations do not have a properly designed human resource planning. Most organizations do not use HR planning widely because they make the planning of manpower in a changing environment hence there is no certainty about the future. Also, the flexibility of labour has resulted in high labour turnover hence making organizations lose control of their workforce. Furthermore, a small organization cannot afford the high cost involved in effective HR planning. The challenges of balancing present and future manpower requirements are complicated. Therefore, most organizations act on impulse depending on the prevailing conditions. The flexibility of the employment contract is an arrangement that has enabled organizations, especially in the developed countries to meet the organizational labour requirements in a changing environment (Williams & Adam-Smith, 2010). It involves short-term or fixed-term contractual arrangement that enables employers to hire a fraction of the workers. It implies diversifying from working a fixed number of hours in a day or week to variable working schedules such as flextime, zero hours, annualized hours or time accounts (Williams & Adam-Smith, 2010). In order for the organizations to achieve their objectives, they have to adjust the size of their labour force according to the market requirements (Davulis & Petrylaite, 2012, p. 34). This study focuses on how organizations control flexible employment relationship to achieve their objectives. Human Resource Management in Context:.
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Williams, S. & Adam-Smith, D. 2010, Contemporary Employment Relations: A Critical Introduction. Oxford University Press. P. 1 – 426.
Zeytinoglu, I.U. ( Ed.) n.d, Flexibility in Workplaces: Effects on Workers, Work Environment and the Unions. Pp. 1-106. Available at http://www.ilo.org/public/english/iira/documents/publications/flexibility.pdf
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