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How and why did marriage become a sacrament Essay Example

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How and why did marriage become a sacrament

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It is quite clear that even Jesus’ parents were married. In particular, Murray stated that in the Middle Ages, St. Augustine’s teachings resulted in the Church focusing on the explict consciousness of the sacramentality of marriage amongst the baptised folks. In the 12th centurty, the idea of marriage as a sacrament was established since it was something that was now being regulated by the Church and the 16th century the Council of Trent instituted marriage as one of the seven sacraments of the church 5.Because of the weight that was given to marriage from the cultural, legal, and religious perspective, it is correct to argue that Marriage still held a special status in the early centuries. In this regard Thomas, stated that “marriage has always held a special status within the community since it is perceived as the source of generations or rather population, and hence it is a key root of the community.”6 Hensley on his part stated that marriage has always held a special status since it is considered the basic foundation of a strong family unit and therefore, an equal strong foundation for a desirable society7.Richards stated that the decision so sanctify marriaged was obtained from the ancient Judaic notion that “sex needs to be confined within marriage” and hence, the enactment of religious rules that sex before marriage is a sin.8 Later on, Catholicism ritualised marriage and converted it into a sacrament. Once a sacramental marriage is consumated, it is absolutely indissoluble but under certain circumstances dissolutions may be granted upon application by the parties. This is because the Church has now authority over sacramental marrriages and it institutes diriment impediments to them, and also grants dispensations. Confirmation of the doctrine that marriage under the new law really confers grace and it is therefore encompassed among the true sacraments.The following elements belong to a sacrament of law on sacramental marriage: it needs to be a sacred religious rite, the rite needs to be a symbol of interior sanctification, it must also deliberate this interior sanctification, and lastly, this divine grace effect need to be produced in conjunction with respective religious act9.Initially, much of the laws for Church usage were in the Canon Law. Currently, marriage has been incorporated into public law and has become part of the Western legal codes. In the

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Brundage, James A. Law, Sex, and Christian Society in Medieval Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009

Driscoll, M. and Driscoll G. Real Marriage The Truth About Sex, Friendship, and Life Together. Nashville, Tenn: Thomas Nelson, 2012.

Hauser, D. Marriage and Christian Life: A Theology of Christian Marriage. New York: Routledge Publication, 2005.

Hensley, H. Christian Marriage. Charleston, South Carolina: BiblioBazaar, 2009

Lawler, M. Marriage and Sacrament: A Theology of Christian Marriage. Collegeville, Minn: Liturgical Press, 1993.

Murray J. 2001. Love, Marriage and Family in the Middle Ages. Ontario; Broadview Press.

Richards J. Sex, Dissidence and Damnation: Minority Groups in the Middle Ages. Hove, UK: Psychology Press, 2013

Rubio, J, H, 2003. A Christian Theology of Marriage and Family. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Thomas, D. Christian Marriage: The New Challenge. Collegeville, Minn: Liturgical Press, 2007.

Witte, J. From Sacrament to Contract: Marriage, Religion, and Law in the Western Tradition. 2012.

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