It is evident that emotionally stable students are more likely to engage in constructive socialization. Mreover, pomote teamwork and collaboration. Terefore, sudents learn how to work together and how to appreciate the strengths and weaknesses of their peers. Blonging to a team in extracurricular activities also promotes effective interpersonal skills as the young people strive to achieve their goals (Moriana, Acala, Pno, &Ruiz, 2006). A outstanding strength of Gilman’s work is that it presents a critical review of existing literature highlighting previous researches on extracurricular activities and their contribution the social wellbeing of students.
Alongitudinal study conducted by Wagnsson, Lndwall, ad Gustafsson (2014) sought to determine the existing associations between participation in sports and self-esteem among adolescents. Tese authors agree with Gilman’s view that participation in extracurricular activities has positive outcomes in the social development of students. Te authors relied on three cohorts of the students’ age of between 10-12 in the first cohort, 13-15 in the second, ad 16-18 year in the third cohort. Te total number of participants in their study was 1,358. Te findings from study reveal that there was a positive relationship between participation in sports and the development of self-esteem.
Te three cohorts represented three different phases of human development when students develop different types of social skills. Te authors noted that there was a variation between the levels of self-esteem acquired from participation in sports in the three cohorts. I later adolescence, tere was a subsequent decline in the level of self-esteem and perceived sports competence. Hwever, te study supports the view that participation in extracurricular activities such as sports can self-esteem in school going children.
Slf-esteem is of critical importance and a precondition for positive socialization. Oe of the limitations of the studies is that it relied on an extremely large sample. Hwever, te developmental approach used that focused on the different stages of human development was an outstanding strength of the study. Fedricks and Eccles (2006) conducted a concurrent and longitudinal study to determine whether extracurricular participation presented any beneficial outcomes. Te study...
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