First, te country is one of the poorest in the Arab region. Tis makes it incapable to handle strict border surveillance economically. Scondly, te country can be regarded as a nation that is between a conflict zone that has not known peace and stability for many years. Tirdly, te involvement of the country in trade with the Western nations makes it be labelled a traitor in the polarized region. Furthly, te political instability in the country and the region has created polarized section in the Yemen community reducing the of the central government.
Lstly, pverty has resulted in social unrest and relative loss of trust in the central administration. Tis has created the emergence or militia and social groups that threaten the security of the people. Scurity is one of the most important functions of government. Ay government is responsible for the security of its subjects. Hwever, scurity and defense are some of the most costly activities. T ensure the security of all the borders especially the coastal borders, Ymen would require more than $100 million per year.
kind of money cannot be spared from the countries slim economy. Tis makes the country incapable of controlling the entry of people and commodities across the borders. Aong the illegal immigrants is foreign militia escaping wars from their countries and bring with them weapons into Yemen. Tis entry, epecially along the coastal borders threaten homeland security in that it facilitates smuggling of weapons into the country and fuels the already polarized political and social status in Yemen. Bing in a zone full of conflict, Ymen has its homeland security strong threats from outside.
Mny al-Qaeda members escaping from countries such as Pakistan and Afghanistan are entering the country through the porous border. Tis makes the country a potential war zone due to the lost control. I is a possibility that being one of the failed states, ad terrorists may take advantage of it and use the country as a base of operations. A-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula has been indicated to be operating out of Yemen and taking advantage of the country’s myriad of challenges ranging from security socio-economic factors (criticalthreats.
Te insurgence of these forces also depletes the country’s resources of water and oil making the country poorer and even more incapable of handling their security (Salmoni, Lidolt, Wlls &...
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