, Lee, C., & Drummond, P. The need for careful study design when investigating the benefits. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies of psychological interventions for trauma survivors: a commentary on Renner, Bänninger-Huber, Peltzer (2011), 18(1), 3-48. According to Fischhoff, psychological risk perception can be predicted and thus reduced using two methods. The first method is using the psychometric paradigm, which uses two main factors to predict the perception of risk, including the likelihood of controlling risk and whether the effects of the risk are known (Fischhoff, Slovic, Lichtenstein, Read, & Combs, 1978). In this case, risks that are both familiar and controllable are perceived as being less dangerous as compared to their actual risk. This method is important in identifying reasons why individuals discount well-understood risks. As such, this method provides for the reduction of risk perception through increasing the familiarity of individuals with the risk. Another method suggested by Fischhoff involves the affect heuristic and the concept of efficiency. This method is important in understanding the reaction of individuals to both risk and the message that communicates such risk (Fischhoff & Heinz, Risk Analysis and Human Behaviour, 2013). The effect is the negative of positive feeling that is associated with an object. . Homeland Security: Management Reform Act of 2006 and the Skilled Trades Second Responders Act of 2007.
Johnstone, R. W. (2006). 9/11 and the Future of Transportation Security. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood Publishing Group.
Office of the Inspector General. (2006 , March). The Federal Bureau of Investigations Efforts to Protect the Nations Seaports. Retrieved from The United States Department of Justice: http://www.justice.gov/oig/reports/FBI/a0626/exec.htm
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