For them, it was a means of social advancement and for marrying into money and wealth.Historically, the Greeks were the makers of professional athletics. It is called professional athletics because they appreciated aesthetics quality of the human body as well as the demonstration of art in grace and form in movement.Today, this concept has dramatically developed into more subtle idea. Since they believed that a healthy body promotes strong mind, they improved physical education even in children. They attested that fit children were healthier and turned into brave, wise and productive members of society (Mechnikoff and Estes, 2002).This same idea was adapted in the 19th century reformation of the principles underlying modern sports. This reformation of physical education took alongside changes in American society. It was the period of radical change in most countries in the world – the social change which was based on specialization and expertise. America during this period knew little knowledge about many things, no discoveries and advances in science; and yet, these people ideally conceptualized health as a combination of balance body and temperament (or moral health), same belief as the Greeks’ –Mens Sana in Corpore Sano maxims.Because enlightenment had reached them, physical education experienced tremendous change also which includes the adaptation of new discipline. This discipline involved new and evolving bodies of knowledge that reshaped the meaning and direction of physical education. Physical education paid attention to the ideological and social attitudes that defined the nature of health,. The Historical Foundation of Physical Education.
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