The author is focused on issues of social, cultural and political realms that the students carry with them from their countries and those that they experience in the foreign countries that they go to. In all these issues, Gü rü z clearly states that capitalism has had a long history of influence because it promotes “ virtuous cycle of innovation, reward, and reinvestment” (Gü rü z 12). It is clear that governments and governmental-linked institutions, especially in the developed nations, have invested heavily in programs that use higher education as a tool for public diplomacy.
of such investments is the establishment of Alliance Francaise, planned in France in 1883 and spread in more than 1000 education institutions in 129 nations to spread French Culture and language. This supports Gü rü z idea that capitalism has for a long time led the issue of internalization of higher learning and global student mobility. In the internalization of higher education, Gü rü z presents information on how emigrants have attained valuable educational, language and cultural experience through this system and the value that these experiences have had to governments that have invested them.
Gü rü z also presents data on demand and enrollment in higher education systems and institutions in various nations especially the developed nations. This shows how important internationalization of higher education and global knowledge has been and continues to be. For example, the US has funded the Fulbright program, while France and the United Kingdom have invested funds to educate students from former colonies in their institutions of higher learning. Patrice Lumumba People’ s Friendship University was created in USSR in 1960 with the purpose of spreading Russian culture and political to Africa countries and the Latin American and Asia regions.
These examples show the investments that countries did on internalization of higher education because of the promise that such investments had in the spread of their languages, cultures and most importantly political beliefs and ideologies that would align the beneficiary students to them.
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