Since times unknown red wine has been considered good for the heart even without scientific evidence. In fact, according to the “French paradox”, people in France were seen to have much lower rates of cardiovascular diseases despite their daily diet containing very little amount of saturated fats. The reason was attributed to the high consumption of red wine. Research has now established that limited and moderate intake of red wine (approximately one to two drinks per day/ 10-30 gm of alcohol) can actually have a positive effect on the heart. It affects several mechanisms of the hearts such as reduces development of plaques or atherogenesis and also reduces thrombosis (Lippi et al, 2010).Diabetes mellitus is a form of diabetes, a metabolic disorder where the patient develops resistance to insulin and therefore shows a very high deficiency of insulin the body. Patients diagnosed with this form of diabetes have to depend lifelong on external insulin treatment in order to survive. Investigators have found that one of the major risk factors of this disorder is high intake of alcohol. The glucose metabolism of the body is affected upon by alcohol. But if alcohol is considered a risk factor there exists evidence that moderate consumption of alcohol can help to keep the disease at bay. In case of diabetes too, the affect that alcohol will have on the body depends on the amount consumed. Heavy drinking can actually diminish the body’s sensitivity to insulin and lead to inset of Diabetes Type II. Carlsson et al, conducted a twin cohort study in Finland on 22,778 subjects. The research design comprised primarily of a survey collecting information about the habits of drinking and. Health Effects of Alcohol consumption.
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