On the other hand, Messina and his group (2009) use literature materials which discuss the essence of the relationship between inpatient admissions and patient satisfaction. Again, literature materials that discuss the manner in which inpatient admissions and patient satisfaction differ between nonteaching and teaching hospitals have been used to sustain the discussion at hand. It is from the discussion in the literature review that study findings are arrived at with an aid of statistical data in order to explain the underpinnings and reality of different levels of patient satisfaction between nonteaching and teaching hospitals.Coyne (2009), Messina (2009) and their co-authors have no doubt demonstrated their command in research investigation, especially in their use of literature review to pose, address and analyze the questions at hand. However, in the reviewing of the literature they used, they could have used the same provision (literature review) to address issues that may be brought about by extraneous variables such as age, social class, intelligence, ethnicity and nationality, genetics and age. The import of this is that some lacunae have been left in relation to these variables. Thus, formulation of newer policies (based on Coyne’s and Messina’s findings) may not be as accurate as Coyne, Messina and their co-authors may have initially. Extraneous Variables That May Affect Relationships between Independent and Dependent Variables in both Messina and Coynes Studies.
Coyne, J. S., Richards, M.T., Short, R., Shultz, K., & Singh, S.G. (2009). Hospital cost and
efficiency: Do hospital size and ownership type really matter? US National Library
of Medicine & National Institute of Health, 54 (3), 163-74.
Messina, Daniel J., Scotti, Dennis J., Ganey, Rodney, & Pinto Zipp, Genevieve (2009). The
relationship between patient satisfaction and inpatient admissions across teaching and
nonteaching hospitals. US National Library of Medicine & National Institute of Health,
54 (3), 177-89.
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