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Hanok (Korean traditional architecture) : Architectural Construction

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Baesanimsu is highly connected with nature. Ieal Baesanimsu is that a Hanok is built towards the south for daylight, ad make a Hanok locate between a river in front for ventilation and mountains in the back for blocking cold wind (See Fig. Te mountains are better with a gentle slope than a steep slope. Kreans believe they can only gain good energy from gentle sloped mountains. Aso, muntains which have a constant height of ridge are more preferred, bcause if one side of the mountain is low, mst be raging from there in winter time.

Te functional purpose of Baesanimsu is for the Hanok to be warmer in winter and cooler in summer. Krea has many mountains and rivers topographically, s this principle is well matched with the natural conditions. Uing almost similar principles for site location, te Chinese also uses Feng Shui in analyzing their natural environment and natural forces in order to situate their buildings. Tis also includes for towns, cties and their temples. Tis, lke in the Korean traditional style, tey do in auspicious areas.

Tey associate Feng Shui with the belief that situating a house properly can bring residents wealth or fortune and protect them from ghosts. Sme of the basic tenets of feng shui however were actually quite simple and intuitive. It was used at a variety of scales that included locating the best sites for new cities and also in arranging the layout of houses and/or even furniture. Jst like Hanok is built towards the south for daylight in Ideal Baesanimsu, te Chinese built their siheyuan facing the south for sunlight exposure.

During the cold North China winter, tis kind of construction would be able to maximize the heat and reduce the need for additional energy use. Ideally mountains and some other man-made barriers were situated to the north and were to protect the houses from north winds and evil spirits. Loking further at it from the city-wide level, Bijing in China was situated in a position where the northern and western mountains helped protect the city. Jngshan hill got constructed just to the north of the City to improve the feng shui of the Chinese imperial city.

The throne of the emperor always faced south, twards the sun and the visiting dignitaries or officials always approached it from the south. Te most. ..

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