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Hanok (Korean traditional architecture) : Architectural Construction

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Baesanimsu is highly connected with nature. Ideal Baesanimsu is that a Hanok is built towards the south for daylight, and make a Hanok locate between a river in front for ventilation and mountains in the back for blocking cold wind (See Fig. The mountains are better with a gentle slope than a steep slope. Koreans believe they can only gain good energy from gentle sloped mountains. Also, mountains which have a constant height of ridge are more preferred, because if one side of the mountain is low, most wind would be raging from there in winter time. The functional purpose of Baesanimsu is for the Hanok to be warmer in winter and cooler in summer. Korea has many mountains and rivers topographically, so this principle is well matched with the natural conditions.Using almost similar principles for site location, the Chinese also uses Feng Shui in analyzing their natural environment and natural forces in order to situate their buildings. This also includes for towns, cities and their temples. This, like in the Korean traditional style, they do in auspicious and well-protected areas. They associate Feng Shui with the belief that situating a house properly can bring residents wealth or fortune and protect them from ghosts. Some of the basic tenets of feng shui however were actually quite simple and intuitive.  It was used at a variety of scales that included locating the best sites for new cities and also in arranging the layout of houses and/or even furniture.Just like Hanok is built towards the south for daylight in Ideal Baesanimsu, the Chinese built their siheyuan facing the south too for optimal sunlight exposure.  During the cold North China winter, this kind of construction would be able to maximize the heat and reduce the need for additional energy use.  Ideally mountains and some other man-made barriers were situated to the north and were to protect the houses from north winds and evil spirits.Looking further at it from the city-wide level, Beijing in China was situated in a position where the northern and western mountains helped protect the city. Jingshan hill got constructed just to the north of the Forbidden City to help improve the feng shui of the Chinese imperial city.  The throne of the emperor always faced south, towards the sun and the visiting dignitaries or officials always approached it from the south. The most
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