Many times the government blames the rural people, but I think the search for ways to solve the firewood dilemma should be our joint responsibility.
World Bank Group records that while some theorists argue locals collecting fuelwood is the cause of vast deforestation, it is vividly clear that the cash crop and other development policies are the true cause. Since the time of British colonialism, tobacco has been one of the top freight to come out of Kenya. The British American Tobacco Company has intensified the problem of deforestation. This shows the impacts of cash crops in relation to deforestation. Many farmers have stopped food production and switched to growing tobacco. The Green Belt Movement along with other environmental organizations plans to sue the government on the basis that it is in violation of the Forest Act.
The goal of Green Belt Movement Kenya is to create a society of people who consciously work for continued improvement of their environment and a greener, cleaner Kenya and to plant one billion trees worldwide. It organizes Kenyan poor rural women to plant trees, combat deforestation, restore their main source of fuel for cooking, generate income and stop soil erosion. Maathai has incorporated eco-tourism, advocacy, and empowerment for women and just economic development into the Green Belt Movement.
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