In any case, orientalism reflects the differences between the East and the West, as these differences are highlighted in pieces of art and studies developed in the West (Sharp 16). As Said notes, the differences between East and West are mostly geopolitical and are reflected in various texts developed in the West (Sharp 16).The geographical perspectives of orientalism have become clear the last decades, when the concepts of human geography, physical geography and political geography have appeared, at least as clear and distinctive theoretical frameworks. The characteristics of the above concepts should be presented in order to understand the nature and the role of the geographical perspectives of orientalism. Kent (50) supports that human geography is a term used for showing the ‘human-environment relations’ (Kent 50).It is noted that human geography, as described above, is usually related to physical geography, a term that indicates the relationship between humans and their physical environment, in terms of ‘landscape and place’ (Kent 50).In the context of orientalism, the role of human and physical geography has been critical. The above fact is made clear in the description of the relationship between East and West, as the particular description is included in the study of Said (1978); Said noted that ‘the two geographical entities support and reflect each other’ (Said 5, cited in Kent 51). For this reason, orientalism is described as ‘an imaginative geography’ (Said 5, cited in Kent 51). The term imaginative in the above case does not indicate a non-existent concept, but rather a concept based on the perceptions of people, as influenced by their personal experiences on culture and ethics. In other words, the human geography of the orientalism reveals the human relationships that are developed in a particular place, an issue related to the physical geography.At the next level, MacKenzie (1995) noted that the physical geography of orientalism has another perspective: it means that orientalism can be given different explanations in countries with different culture and traditions. This view is verified in the following fact: in Britain, orientalism, as reflected in the paintings of many British artists in the 19th century, has been described as ‘more pragmatic and low key’ (MacKenzie 51). In France, where orientalism has appeared earlier, in the late 18th century, the
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