Marx pioneered an understanding of human organizational theory and helped to promote a great deal of discussion and analysis into the way in which classes interacted with one another. By engaging in sociological discussions that were predicated on class and economics, Marx helped to pioneer an understanding of how different classes engaged with one another and how material want, or excess, helped to define sociology more so than race or other factors that individuals had previously denoted as being the most important.In attempting to answer the question of how sociologists view society, this is a difficult answer; due in part to the fact that there are so many different schools of thought, approaches, and theories that are extant within the realm of sociological research. However, sociologists tend to view society as less cohesive and more individualized/clannish than most other individuals would. The underlying reason for this is based upon the belief by sociologists that different institutions, religions, regions, races, demographics, and genders approach similar constructs from a unique standpoint; thereby furthering the need to understand these institutions and predict the way in which they might behave given a certain set of circumstances. More to the point, sociologists attempt to understand society based on four key paradigms/approaches. These are as follows: conflict theory, symbolic interactionism, feminism, and functionalism. As can easily be noted, conflict theory relates to the type of understanding that is predicated on the conflict between groups. Similarly, his approach is one that was one of the most instrumental contributions of Karl Marx. Likewise, functionalism seeks to define society based upon the function that different groups seek to fulfil. Further, symbolic interactionism is based upon the understanding that individuals are social creatures; yet at the same time they are defined by their unique desires and need for creativity. Finally, feminism of course seeks to define society based upon the understanding of gender roles and the means by which society has organized itself up until the present based upon a male patriarchal base of understanding. Likewise, the significance of sociology is that it can seek to provide answers to some of the pressing questions regarding why a certain subset of society, or broader society, engages with a certain situation of set of
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