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Gender Studies Essay Example

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Gender Studies

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The essay also discusses on how institutional power is different from individual prejudice and intolerance. Subsequently, a detailed elaboration has also been done on the contribution of the above mentioned elements in social construction of gender.When dealing with social issues like oppression it has been witnessed that even an established “defined norms” of a society, represents groups who have an ability to exert power and control over others. A segment of community that has been oppressing the minority groups is often backed by institutional power. However, the individual prejudice and bigotry cannot take a position of a mass oppression unless backed by the institutional power. The institutional power gives detailed outlay of group expansions, which gets replaced broadly by individual developments. The individual prejudices and bigots limit ones success in developing the chances of “tokenism” among masses. Furthermore, individual movements, due to lack of proper support of institutional power, fails to in rise the group consciousness (Mclntosh 1-5; Pharr 54-64).Economic power ensures control over institutions and helps to enhance their power. The institutional powers including the government and other social development bodies often draw their financial strength from different organizations operating within the society. However, depending on this phenomenon it can be observed that once wealth gets accumulated in the hands of a few, controls in a society subsequently moves in the hands of the people holding economic power. This gives them the chance to exploit the major masses as well as give them the economic advantage of limiting mobility and employment. Parallel to this, once the economic power operating within the society, utilizes the available opportunities, in turn creates a myth of scarcity. Constant threat of violence is a determining factor, for chalking out proper display of power of the institution. This helps the institution to deal with threat of violence from “the others” to control and maintain its power over the society (Pharr 54-64).Gender has been constructed by the different social and cultural norms that were predominant in the society and not attached to biological substratum. As discussed by Lorber, gender is a routine ground of our everyday life (13-36). As per the examples depicted by Lober, the societal

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Works Cited

Kellner, Douglas. “Cultural Studies, Multiculturalism and Media Culture.” A Cultural Studies Approach (n.d.): 1-21. Print.

Kendall, Francis E. “Understanding White Privilege.” Christian Peacemaker Teams (2002): 1-10. Print.

Lee, Richard and Richard Daily. “Mans Domination and Womans Oppression:The Question of Origins.” A Study in Intertribal Trade Relations (1940):1-15. Print.

Lober, Justin. "Night to His Day: The Social Construction of Gender.” Paradoxes or Gender (1994): 13-36. Print.

Mclntosh, Peggy. “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack.” The Institution of Education (n.d.): 1-5. Print.

Pharr, Suzane. “Homophobia: A weapon of Sexism.” The Common Elements of Oppression (n.d.): 54-64. Print.

Sensoy, Ozlem and Robin Di-Angelo. “Developing Social Justice.” An Open Letter to Our Faculty Colleagues 90.5 (2008): 345-352. Print.

“Grease - Summer Nights.” YouTube. (n.d.). Web. 19 Jul. 2014. < http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aXlnMveRt-Y>

“Killing Us Softly 4: Advertisings Image of Women.” YouTube. (n.d.). Web. 22 Jul. 2014. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PTlmho_RovY&feature=youtu.be>

“Rosie the Riveters of World War II.” YouTube. (n.d.). Web. 19 Jul. 2014. < https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9GarCzR_6Ng&feature=youtu.be>

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