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Gangs In America Essay Example

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Gangs In America

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Gangs In America. Over the last nine years in California, gangs have made evolution from being brotherhood and turf oriented, to now being involved with criminal enterprises. Gangs can also be found in rural communities and suburbs and in communities of significant socio-economic range. California has experienced gang problems for over 75 years. Some of professionals who work with Hispanic gangs should take their time to examine the history of gangs. Numerous current activities of gangs can be traced to the origins of particular gangs. For example, one particular gang that warrants study in California is the 18th Street gang. It is one of the biggest and well-known Hispanic street gangs in the America. This is brought about by its growth and recruitment patterns from the 1950’s until today.

This gang was formed in 1963 and had its origins in racial prejudice. This California based criminal group was the first gang of Hispanic to break the barrier of racial membership. This readiness to step across racial lines facilitated rapid growth in the membership of the gang, which was mainly composed of multi-racial youths and immigrants (Walker 4).Most gangs are involved in several types of criminal activities. These include carjacking, drive-by shootings, auto theft, drug sales, arms trafficking, murder, murder for hire and rape among others. International and National trade of drugs seem to be the main criminal activity for most gangs in America. The intelligence indicates that most gangs in America have established ties with Columbian and Mexican drug cartels, which has significantly impacted particularly the Southwest Border States. For example, the California’s 18th Street gang distributes outsized amounts of illegal drug, which has created ties with the black street gangs as well as Mexican Mafia prison gang. Most of the American gangs have been known to market marijuana, cocaine, and methamphetamine as well as tar heroin. With the expansion of the methamphetamine’s market, it can be predicted that the gang’s presence will equally expand, leading to encounters with these gangs in areas of America, which have not previously seen gangs (Arana 3).Tax collection is also another area of criminal activities, where most gangs in America are well established. In California, an area that is claimed to be the territory of the 18th Street gang, members of the gang will collect tax from businesses. The potential taxpayers include. Gangs In America.

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Work Cited

"Special Report: Out of the Underworld - Criminal Gangs in the Americas." The Economist Jan 07 2006: 23-. ABI/INFORM Complete. Web. 5 May 2012 .

Arana, Ana. "How the Street Gangs Took Central America." Foreign Affairs 84.3 (2005): 98-110. ABI/INFORM Complete. Web. 5 May 2012.

Hazlehurst, Kayleen. Gangs and Youth Subcultures: International Explorations. New Brunswick [u.a.: Transaction Publ, 1998. Print.

Howell, James C. Gangs in Americas Communities. Thousand Oaks, Calif: SAGE Publications, 2012. Print.

Huff, C R. Gangs in America. Thousand Oaks (Calif.) [etc.: Sage Publ, 1996. Print.

Steve, Nawojczyk. Street Gang Dynamics. The Nawojczyk Group

Walker, Robert. Gangs or Us: Gang Identification Training and Expert Witness. Dynamics: 2011. Print.

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