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Food Insecurity in Sub-Saharan Africa and implication to US National Security

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In the search for these scarce commodities, cmmunal conflicts often emerge and can escalate to a civil war particular when the government supports one warring faction in the conflict. A example in this sense is the Darfur conflict that escalated into a civil war and displaced millions. Frther, a increase in food prices creates conflict because, hgh food prices erode real income and the affected in extreme cases, ae driven to drastic measures that include riots or protests against the responsible institutions3. O the other hand, dmographics also role on how people react to the issue of food insecurity.

Fr instance, yuth bulge and unemployment in Sub-Saharan Africa create situations where, te youth resort to drastic measures in order to survive. I most parts of the Sub-Saharan Africa, te youth has resorted to vigilante groups to find means of survival4. Acase in this regard is evident in Kenya where youths have joined a vigilante known as “Mungiki” who derive their means of survival by engaging in politically funded violence. I these vigilante groups, fod insecurity is an drives them to take such drastic and uncouth measures.

Politics is another factor that influence how people respond to issues related to food insecurity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Dpending on the political regime whether democratic or autocratic, te progress in terms of economic development tend to influence the relationship between political violence and the existing political regime. Dmocracy is seen as a way of improving accountability and by extension, mnimizing conflicts. A such in regions where democracy flourishes, cnflicts are minimal. Hwever, i case economic development takes a negative dmocracy ad more conflicts are evident.

Fr example, aslow pace of economic development means increase in unemployment and poverty levels. I turn, te population is not in a position to put food on the table on a frequent basis. Te result in this respect will be a cry for regime change and where the political class is not willing to take responsibility, cnflict emerges. Tday, te conflict-ridden regions in Sub-Saharan Africa are associated with low income per capita and food insecurity5. I Sub-Saharan Africa, te regions, were food is common, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sdan, Ehiopia, Smali and areas marginalized by. ..

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