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Food Insecurity in Sub-Saharan Africa and implication to US National Security Essay Example

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Food Insecurity in Sub-Saharan Africa and implication to US National Security

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In the search for these scarce commodities, communal conflicts often emerge and can escalate to a civil war particular when the government supports one warring faction in the conflict. An example in this sense is the Darfur conflict that escalated into a civil war and displaced millions. Further, an increase in food prices creates conflict because, high food prices erode real income and the affected in extreme cases, are driven to drastic measures that include riots or protests against the responsible institutions3. On the other hand, demographics also play a role on how people react to the issue of food insecurity. For instance, youth bulge and unemployment in Sub-Saharan Africa create situations where, the youth resort to drastic measures in order to survive. In most parts of the Sub-Saharan Africa, the youth has resorted to vigilante groups to find means of survival4.A case in this regard is evident in Kenya where youths have joined a vigilante known as “Mungiki” who derive their means of survival by engaging in politically funded violence. In these vigilante groups, food insecurity is an issue that drives them to take such drastic and uncouth measures. Politics is another factor that influence how people respond to issues related to food insecurity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Depending on the political regime whether democratic or autocratic, the progress in terms of economic development tend to influence the relationship between political violence and the existing political regime. Democracy is seen as a way of improving accountability and by extension, minimizing conflicts. As such in regions where democracy flourishes, conflicts are minimal. However, in case economic development takes a negative turn, democracy fails, and more conflicts are evident. For example, a slow pace of economic development means increase in unemployment and poverty levels. In turn, the population is not in a position to put food on the table on a frequent basis. The result in this respect will be a cry for regime change and where the political class is not willing to take responsibility, conflict emerges. Today, the conflict-ridden regions in Sub-Saharan Africa are associated with low income per capita and food insecurity5.In Sub-Saharan Africa, the regions, where food insecurity is common, include the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somali and areas marginalized by

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