Two years later, American soldiers were in control of sections of East and West Florida during the First Seminoles War. In 1817 and 1818, Union troops again advanced across the border to reign over the native Seminoles (Dyer 283). A year later, Spain agreed to transfer the two Florida regions under their control to the United States. The agreement was finalized in 1821. Under American control, the East and West Florida were united to form one American zone, which became the modern Florida.The ascendance of Florida to statehood in the first quarter of 1845 saw a 60,000-strong population attain some kind of semi-autonomy. While Florida electorate had supported the status for almost a decade, just a small majority saw the need for statehood (Clavin 795). Voters in central Florida, who inhabited the lands separating Apalachicola and Suwannee Rivers, desired to be part of the Union immediately, but the East Florida people were keen on waiting until the state had had a population which was enough to create two states (Wilkinson 1). Part of West Florida people wanted to be incorporated in Alabama.According to Dyer (294) the right time for hiving off the Florida state came in March, 1845. The time was opportune because a serious economic crisis of the late 1830s had improved, leading to an environment of confidence in impending development. In addition, the Second Seminole War was over, and the European settlers started to advance southward into the Florida Peninsula. In the run-up to Florida’s ascendance to statehood, the US had changed the policy of granting regions statehood, however. Senate required that states be admitted in twos, with one being slave and the other free. With Iowa’s admission as a liberal state, Florida met the condition of being granted statehood as a slave state. Regardless, while the region that would become Sarasota County lacked any large farms requiring the service of slaves; Florida had a few slaves.Florida’s Creeks or Seminoles includes Yuchis, Yamasses and other few native minority communities. The conflicts that coupled the Spanish occupation before the 18th century witnessed a significant drop in Florida’s population (Clavin 801). Before 1840s, a group of settlers and their families seeking land ownership under the military control held residential parcels in the southern part of Florida until an unexpected Indian scare forced their hasty retreat
Clavin, Matthew J. “Interracialism and Revolution on the Southern Frontier: Pensacola in the Civil War.” Journal of Southern History, 80.4 (2014): 791-826.
Dyer, Donald R. “The place of origin of Floridas population.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 42.4 (1952): 283-294.
Wilkinson, Jerry. “History of The Seminoles.” Key History, 8 Feb. 2015. Web 8 Feb. 2015. <http://www.keyshistory.org/>
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