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A Country with High Fertility Rate Essay Example

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A Country with High Fertility Rate

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A Country with High Fertility Rate. In addition, studies across the world have indicated that the desire for large families is still powerful, (Thomlinson, 2005). In Niger, the latest survey suggested that only 5% of women with at least two children indicated their desire for fewer children. Some of the reasons are cultural, with large families perceived as a symbol of security. Also, fear of high infant mortality reigns in their minds.Associated birth control stigmas are another issue. Reproductive health experts argue that insufficient information and lack of availability of female contraceptives are critical. In Niger, only 8% of women, especially married women agree to use contraceptives. In India, over one third of all married women report they would agree to stop using contraceptives or at least stop having children.

In India and China, most the family planning projects and programs focus only on women and not men. Less attention has been focused on educating men about contraceptives and their responsibility. In addition, several religion-oriented people seem to feed the idea that, the notion of family planning is evil and sacrilegious to their doctrines and has origin from popular western conspiracy.In India, more reasons are found in their social, cultural and family patterns. Core cultural precepts such as the belief that many descendants ought to be produced to guarantee the survival and sustainability of lineage, the comparison of female virtue and value with the reproduction of many children, the immense influence of the lineage more than the small family, and a credence in the ancestral spirits power, are leading causes of high fertility. Given the overriding significance of lineage and the comparative limitation of economic and emotional conjugal connections, the factors thought to be producing reduced birth rates, developed countries (for instance the high costs of child rearing and the negative effects of a large family on the living standard in that family) may not be operable in India.Most fathers in developing countries receive a lot from their children, concerning the support and loyalty, than they spend on them, providing them slight motivation to limit fertility. On the other hand, womens motivation to expand their present economic autonomy into the field of reproduction, indicate the most preferred route of change in these countries fertility patterns. Similarly, reduction in child mortality and infant mortality due to improved. A Country with High Fertility Rate.

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References

India. (2000). Birth rate, death rate, infant mortality rate & total fertility rate: India & states, 1971-1999. New Delhi: National Commission on Population.

World Fertility Survey. and United Nations. (2000). Fertility behaviour in the context of development: Evidence from the World Fertility Survey. New York: United Nations.

Thomlinson, R. (2005). Population dynamics: Causes and consequences of world demographic change. New York: Random House.

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