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Finance & Accounting Essay

Legal Aspects of Derivatives
To hedge against corporate business risks, including risks associated with international operations, exchange rate or interest rate fluctuations, commodity and equity prices as well as the risks associated with lending. The International Swaps and Derivatives Association, ISDA, was formed with a view to encourage the prudent global use of privately negotiated derivative agreements and this body has made it possible for participants to relatively easily enter into such agreements through the use
Pages: 14 (3500 words), Essay
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Return On Capital employed (McBride plc)
Care also grew by 4%, this shows that group operates in a highly competitive and dynamic market characterized by increasing customer concentration, the growth of discount retailers, numerous private label as well as branded competitors evolving customer product preferences and the selling pressure. This positive and stable trend has given McBride an advantage over other rival companies, therefore guaranteeing all the investors a higher return of the capital employed while investing in this
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Investment Analysis coursework2001
Even though a high risk stock would be able to generate more returns, yet a risky stock can also generate less or nil returns because the stock’s performance is dependent upon its market performance, which is guarded by several principles. Rational pricing is very important in the stock market, as this pricing is needed for fixed income securities and bonds. Rational pricing implies such a type of pricing, which represents that the market price of the assets in the stock market is free of any
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Report in capital market ( credit rating agencies)
The fact that CRAs are major actors in the financial markets should make them subject to a strict conduct code to reduce potential conflicts of interest, ensure a high quality and sufficient transparency to the process of setting ratings and for ratings themselves.Based on assigned ratings, CRAs signal the quality of borrowers and loan instruments in terms of default likelihood and recovery opportunities. The existence and development of CRAs in capital markets are generally explained by their
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Product Costing
Essentially a source document is a hard copy document similar to the receipt issued after payment (Horngren, Datar & Rajan, 2012). However most companies use paperless system where information is stored in electronic databases. On the other hand, manufacturing overhead comprises of the costs that cannot be directly traced to particular jobs. It is imperative to note that, on assigning these jobs, accountants should use a predetermined overhead rate based on some secondary allotment measure and
Pages: 7 (1750 words), Essay
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Business Plan
In this regard, an effective marketing campaign will be launched in the area in order to make the residents acquainted with our products (Park, 2006, pp. The residents in the locality are basically the initial target market. In any case, the major focus of the proprietor is to establish a steady source of revenue for the business which will ensure stability for the business. Considering that the area is normally frequented by tourists, it is expected that revenue from tourists will comprise
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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Management auditing
(Wilson and wood, 1985).Management auditing ensures the efficient and managed workability of all business operations. It furnishes improvements and outlines suitable recommendations. It frequently strengthens and enhances the managerial efficiency. Moreover it delineates efficient methods and effective processes whilst designing responsibilities and duties of the work force and lastly it actively seeks the progress of an organization whether it is accomplishing its objectives or not.First of
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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Why did good people do bad things (commit white-collar crimes)
According to his previous employment records, he displayed financial discipline and intense management qualities that helped McKinsey attain higher profitability and customer satisfaction. Russell Wasendorf is also a case of a good person doing the wrong thing. This is evidenced by his ability to stand the best direct online trading system that could connect the traders with the CME’s Globex in 1998 (Friedrichs 325).The two fraudulent crimes can be explained by the fraud triangle theory that
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Advance finance for decision makers
In that case the fixed payments would take up significant portion of firm’s earnings. This is because even if the earnings of firm decrease or make losses during the period, the holder of debt instrument is entitled to receive regular payments of interest. This increases the business risk of the firm because if the firm is unable to service regular interest, it will have to liquidate its assets to honour debt obligations. Hence, decision regarding inclusion of debt in capital structure to
Pages: 11 (2750 words), Essay
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Advanced Financial Reporting
With reference to the above recent acquisition, the objective of this study is to discuss with reasons as to why such business combination has taken place and also explain the probable consequences or problems that the companies might face in future.As on July 12, 2013, TD Travel completed the acquisition of Hotel Scene. The acquirer in this case is TD Travel where as the acquired is Hotel scene. The deal was finance and backed by private equity investment firm LDC. The acquisition is expected
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Assessment item 1
In European research study carried over 2011 & 2012, about 13% of the South African respondents replied that they exclusively used FVLCS method. Rio Tinto financial reports have been prepared in accordance with the EU IFRS and IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards), the format of income statement for minerals industry has been followed by the Rio Tinto as it considers recognition of sales revenue and currency translations in their revenue statement.Yes, Rio Tinto has a strong
Pages: 10 (2500 words), Essay
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Islamic banking and finance (business module)
The banks are providing services and products to customers, which are in accordance with Shari’a principle. It has been seen that the products of Islamic banks are affected by the agency problem, which arises due to the difference in information between the borrower or investor and lender. It is well-known that the Shari’a principle does not support charging of interest payment and the products and services are permitted to carry price (Ghose, 2013). The principle rather relies on profit
Pages: 11 (2750 words), Essay
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Individual Reflection on Professional Accountant
To learn how to execute auditing, taxation and financial planning, which will ensure a desirable respect from the society and self-satisfaction (ACCA, 2014).For being an Association of Chartered Certified Accountant, a number of skills have to be learnt and developed. According to my comprehension, ACCA is internationally recognised. Thus, it can be mentioned for being an ACCA, a candidate has to be good in value, ethics and culture. Moreover, a high focus on professionalism and a variety of
Pages: 8 (2000 words), Essay
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Financial accounting
Assets and contract related assets has the potential of causing material bias on the value of the business entity according to arguments against recognition of intangible assets in the balance sheet statement.Amortization of intangible assets faces both support and disapproval due to the potential material effect it causes in the balance sheet statement. One of the reasons in support of amortization of intangible asset is that the ability of a business to generate revenue in different financial
Pages: 6 (1500 words), Essay
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Accounting Representation: Public and Private Sectors
The figure represents the annual growth of 4.6 per cent since 2006 – 2010. However, the industry is expected to decelerate its growth of 3.2 per cent from 2010 – 2015. This means that the pharmaceutical market of the United Kingdom will record a market share of 6.7% (“Alliance Boots company profile” 2006).The pharmaceutical industry in the United Kingdom is somehow concentrated. The ten largest companies and played in the industry accounted for approximately 30 per cent of worldwide
Pages: 9 (2250 words), Essay
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The ethical issues I may encounter while working as a professional in commercial real estate
Previously, cash commissions were used in some instances to circumvent taxes but currently, there are different ethical infractions that have been developed as more money continues to be associated with the industry. The brokers, lawyers as well as analysts have stated that circumventing and cutting corners is on the increase in this industry especially because of the rising property values.The lifeblood of the real estate business lies in comparable deals but the rules that govern the
Pages: 5 (1250 words), Essay
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The difference between Islamic and conventional Banks
The other phase within the process of mobilizing savings includes the extension of more credit facilities to businesses and the industry to have desirable returns. The Islamic and Conventional forms of institutions provide financing towards productive channels to gain a reward. The major difference exists in the financing agreements. Most conventional banks offer loans at fixed rewards while the IFIs take alternative approaches because they do not charge any form of interest. IFIs can charge
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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Entrepreneurial Finance BRIEFING PAPER
Some of these may find their business operations hampered by the shortage of capital. Other entrepreneurs who are more monetarily fortunate raise substantial amounts of fund before beginning their ventures. These individuals have their operations proceed relatively smoothly and free from any financial constraints.Research by Massachusetts Institute of Technology of 113 new software companies showed that 26 began with less than £1000. Almost half of the same began with funds less than £10,000
Pages: 4 (1000 words), Essay
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Thorntons Plc essay
The political factors affecting company are high rates of taxation on operating and production of confectionaries and the company is benefitting by operating on free trading zone of the European Union. Keeping in mind these political factors, the company develops its long and short term strategies to sustain in the competitive market (Spence and Townsend, 2006).The economic factors affecting company are decline of French economy, incapability of achieving target demands and profits and the
Pages: 12 (3000 words), Essay
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Contemporary issues in development finance
Analysing the cases of courtiers with sound tend of economic development, it has been identified that development finance has worked as a driver of economic growth in those countries. The system also strives for better risk management that helps the vulnerable group of the society to obtain opportunities for enhancing their productivity and expands the investment avenue so that the group can generate higher income. Development finance facilitates the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises
Pages: 14 (3500 words), Essay
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